## MCQ Questions for Class 9 English with Answers Beehive, Moments

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## Class 9 English MCQs Multiple Choice Questions with Answers Beehive, Moments

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MCQ Questions for Class 9 English Language and Literature

### MCQ Questions for Class 9 English with Answers Beehive

MCQ Questions for Class 9 English with Answers Beehive Prose

MCQ Questions for Class 9 English with Answers Beehive Poems

### MCQ Questions for Class 9 English with Answers Moments

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## My Childhood Extra Questions and Answers Class 9 English Beehive

Here we are providing My Childhood Extra Questions and Answers Class 9 English Beehive, Extra Questions for Class 9 English was designed by subject expert teachers.

## My Childhood Extra Questions and Answers Class 9 English Beehive

### My Childhood Extra Questions and Answers Short Answer Type

Question 1.
What were the qualities that Abdul Kalam admired in his parents?
Answer:
Kalam’s parents were noble and generous people. Though his father was an austere man, he provided his family with all necessities, in terms of food, medicine or clothes. He admired his father’s honesty and self-discipline and his mother’s faith in goodness and kindness. He admired his parents for respecting all religions.

Question 2.
Kalam’s childhood was a secure one both materially and emotionally. Illustrate.
Answer:
APJ Abdul Kalam called his childhood a secure one because he had loving and caring parents who gave love and guidance to their children and took care of their emotional and physical needs. They provided their children with all necessities, in terms of food, medicine or clothes.

Question 3.
How does Kalam show his father was a simple man?
Answer:
Kalam’s father was a simple self-disciplined man. He neither had formal education nor much wealth and he avoided all inessential comforts and luxuries.

Question 4.
What kind of a person was Kalam’s father?
Answer:
Abdul Kalam’s father, Jainulabdeen, was a tall and handsome man. Although he did not have much of a formal education, he was progressive and valued education. He was an austere man and didn’t have much wealth, however, he was a generous man and provided both material and emotional security to his family. He was a very practical man with a vast store of wisdom and never obstructed the progressive ways of his children.

Question 5.
How does Abdul Kalam describe his mother?
Answer:
Kalam’s mother, Ashiamma, was tall, good looking and very attached to her children. She was an ideal helpmate to her husband. She was a gentle and kind lady with faith in goodness and deep kindness. Like her husband, she was very generous and fed a number of outsiders daily. Kalam inherited the values of kindness and generosity from her. Kalam inherited the values of kindness and generosity from her.

Question 6.
How was Kalam’s appearance different from that of his parents?
Answer:
Kalam did not take after his tall and handsome parents. He was a rather short boy with average looks. Unlike his parents who had quite striking features, his appearance was undistinguished.

Question 7.
Briefly describe Abdul Kalam’s ancestral house.
Answer:
Abdul Kalam’s ancestral house was situated on the Mosque Street in Rameswaram. It had been built in the middle of nineteenth century and was a fairly large, pucca house made of limestone and brick.

Question 8.
How did the Second World War give Abdul Kalam the opportunity to earn his first wages?
Answer:
When stoppage of trains was cancelled at Rameshwaram because of World War II, Kalam’s cousin, Samsuddin, who distributed newspapers in Rameswaram, asked him for help in collecting newspaper bundles which were thrown from the moving train. This helped Abdul Kalam earn his first wages.

Question 9.
What are Kalam’s views about his first jobs?
Answer:
As a young boy, Kalam earned his first wage by helping his cousin, Samsuddin, collect papers thrown from a moving train for distribution. Half a century later, Kalam would still feel the surge of pride in earning his own money for the first time.

Question 10.
Had Kalam earned any money before that? In what way?
Answer:
When the Second World War broke out in 1939, there was a sudden demand for tamarind seeds in the market. Kalam collected these seeds and sold them to earn an anna a day which was a big amount for a small boy like him in those days.

Question 11.
Right from his childhood Kalam was very enterprising. Comment.
Answer:
Kalam was an enterprising child who used to make full use of the opportunities that came his way. During the war, when there occurred a great demand for tamarind seeds in the market, he used to collect these seeds and sell them off to a provision store near his home and earn an anna a day. Thus, he was able to earn some money for himself. Later, he collected newspapers for his cousin, Samsuddin, and earned his first wages. These incidents show that he was very enterprising.

Question 12.
What was Dinamani? Justify your views.
Answer:
Dinamani seems to be the name of a newspaper. Kalam mentions that he gathered information about the World War from his brother-in-law Jallaluddin. Later he tried to trace these stories in the headlines of Dinamani. Since news stories can be read in newspapers, and Headline is the heading at the top of a news item in a newspaper, Dinamani must be a newspaper.

Question 13.
What characteristics does Kalam say he inherited from his parents?
Answer:
Kalam inherited honesty and self-discipline from his father and faith in goodness and deep kindness from his mother.

Question 14.
Who were Kalam’s school friends? What did they become later?
Answer:
Kalam’s three close childhood friends were Ramanadha Sastry, Aravindan and Sivaprakasan. All three of them settled well in life. Ramanadha inherited priesthood of Rameswaram temple from his father, Aravindan took up the business of arranging transport for visiting pilgrims and Sivaprakasan became a catering contractor for the Southern Railways.

Question 15.
“On the whole, the small society of Rameswaram was very rigid in terms of the segregation of different social groups,” says the author. Which social groups does he mention? Were these groups easily identifiable?
Answer:
Dr. Kalam mentions two social groups of Rameshwaram—orthodox Brahmins and Muslims.
Yes, these groups were easily identifiable by the way they dressed. Kalam wore a cap which marked him as a Muslim, while Ramanadha Sastry wore a sacred thread which marked him a Hindu.

Question 16.
Despite their differences, the social groups shared friendships and experiences. Elaborate.
Answer:
The social groups shared friendships and experiences and lived in harmony. Kalam’s mother and grandmother often told the children of his family bedtime stories about the events from the Ramayana and from the life of the prophet. During the Shri Sita Rama Kalyanam ceremony, his family used to arrange boats with a special platform for carrying idols of the Lord from the temple to the marriage site. When Ramanadha Sastry’s father heard that the new teacher tried to segregate pupils on the basis of religious divisions, he called the teacher and advised him to revert his decision or quit. Kalam’s Science teacher, Shivasubramania Iyer, invited Kalam to have meal with him. This way he changed his conservative wife’s mindset.

Question 17.
There were sharp differences that existed in the minds of some people belonging to these social groups. Illustrate.
Answer:
Although most people lived together in harmony with each other, there were some people who were very aware of the differences among them and rigidly enforced them. These included the young teacher who joined the Rameshwaram Elementary School and taught Kalam’s class, the fifth standard. He tried to separate the Hindu Brahman boy, Ramanadha Sastry and Abdul Kalam, who was a Muslim. Kalam’s science teacher’s conservative wife also refused to serve Kalam in her kitchen. However, others in society, made them see the error of their ways and harmony was maintained.

Question 18.
What did Kalam’s family do during the annual Shri Sita Rama Kalyanam ceremony?
Answer:
During the annual Shri Sita Rama Kalyanam ceremony, Kalam’s family used to arrange boats with a special platform for carrying idols of the Lord from the temple to the marriage site, situated in the middle of the pond called Rama Tirtha, which was near Kalam’s house.

Question 19.
Who asked Kalam to sit on the back bench of his class? Why?
Answer:
A new teacher at the Rameswaram Elementary School could not tolerate that Kalam, a Muslim, sat with Ramanadha Sastry, a Hindu wearing the sacred thread. This was contrary to the teacher’s notion of social ranking. So, he ordered Kalam to sit on the back bench.

Question 20.
Do you think the teacher at Rameswaram Elementary School deserved the treatment meted out to him by Lakshmana Sastry?
Answer:
Yes, the teacher deserved the treatment meted out to him by Lakshmana Sastry. He was spreading the poison of social inequality and communal intolerance in the minds of innocent children. Spreading such divisive tendencies is a serious crime If a teacher indulges in such an damaging act he deserves no sympathy.

Question 21.
“I felt very sad and so did Ramanadha Sastry”. What made Kalam and his friend feel sad?
Answer:
Kalam and his friend Ramanadha Sastry were good friends and sat together in class. They felt very sad when the new teacher ordered Kalam to go and sit on the back bench of the class. Ramanadha was absolutely downcast and as Kalam shifted his seat to the last row, there were tears in his eyes. Kalam could never forget these tears all his life.

Question 22.
What did Ramanadha Sastry’s father do when his son told him that the new teacher had sent Kalam to the last seat?
Answer:
Ramanadha’s father, Lakshmana Sastry was deeply distressed to leam that the new school teacher had shifted Kalam to the last bench. He did not approve of this segregation in society. He summoned the teacher and told him not to spread the poison of social inequality and communal intolerance in young minds. He bluntly told him to either apologise or leave the school. The teacher not only regretted his action but also reformed himself.

Question 23.
What was the difference in the attitudes of the science teacher and his wife towards A.P.J. Abdul Kalam?
Answer:
Though the Science teacher was a Brahmin, he broke the social barriers, and mixed with people belonging to a different religion and community. He invited Abdul home and served him his meal and even sat and ate with him. On the contrary, his wife, at first, was conservative and refused to serve Abdul in her kitchen. However, by the next time, she was also transformed and served Abdul Kalam herself.

Question 24.
Sivasubramania Iyer was “something of a rebel”. Elaborate.
Answer:
Sivasubramania Iyer was Kalam’s science teacher. Though he was a brahmin, he was something of a rebel. A man of liberal views, he wanted to change the society that was rigid in terms of segregation of different social groups. He invited Kalam to his home for a meal. His wife, an orthodox Brahmin, refused to serve food to a Muslim boy in her so called ritually pure kitchen. Iyer served him with his own hands and sat down beside him to eat his meal. He convinced his wife to rise above these narrow barriers and thus was successful in changing the conservative attitude of his wife.

Question 25.
Why did Sivasubramania’s wife refuse to serve food to Kalam in her kitchen?
Answer:
Sivasubramania Iyer’s wife was an orthodox and conservative Brahmin. She believed the sanctity of her kitchen would be defiled if she served meals there to someone who belonged to a different faith. So, she refused to serve food to a Muslim boy in her kitchen.

Question 26.
How did Sivasubramania react to his wife’s behaviour when she refused to serve Kalam (a Muslim boy) in her kitchen?
Answer:
Sivasubramania probably expected such behaviour from his conservative wife. So, without getting angry or perturbed, he served Kalam with his own hands and sat beside him to eat his meal.

Question 27.
Why did Sivasubramania invite Kalam for dinner again the next weekend?
Answer:
The young Kalam was upset by Sivasubramania Iyer’s wife’s refusal to serve him food in her kitchen. This, coupled with the desire to transform his wife, probably prompted Sivasubramania to make amends to Kalam. So he invited Kalam to dinner again the following weekend. He also told Kalam, “Once you decide to change the system, such problems have to be confronted.”

Question 28.
What thoughts crossed Kalam’s mind when he was having food at Sivasubramania’s house for the first time?
Answer:
Kalam noticed that Sivasubramania’s conservative wife was watching him from behind the kitchen door while he was having food. At this time he wondered whether she observed any difference in the way a Muslim ate rice, drank water or cleaned the floor after the meal.

Question 29.
What influence did his teacher Sivasubramania Iyer have on the young Kalam?
Answer:
Sivasubramania Iyer taught Kalam to confront prejudice. He told him that if he wanted to bring about a change, such problems needed to be confronted. Sivasubramania Iyer, the science teacher, was a Brahmin. When he invited Kalam for dinner, his orthodox wife thought Kalam’s presence would make it impure and refused to serve him. Sivasubramania Iyer served him with his own hands, and invited him again. This not only changed his wife’s attitude, it also had a profound influence on young Kalam.

Question 30.
Narrate two incidents – one to show how differences can be created, and another how they can be resolved.
Answer:
The first incident to show how differences can be created is that when the new young teacher found a Muslim student sitting beside a Hindu student. He asked Kalam to sit in the last row.
The other incident shows how differences can be resolved. The author’s science teacher, Sivasubramania Iyer, though a tried to bridge these differences.

Question 31.
What does Abdul tell about his days during the World War?
Answer:
Abdul Kalam was only eight years old when the World War broke out in 1939. Although at first, Rameswaram, being isolated, was completely unaffected by the War, but soon India was forced to join the Allied Forces and something like a state of emergency was declared. His brother-in-law Jallaluddin used to tell him stories about the Second World War. He read these stories in the newspaper too. He also started earning at a young age. The War brought a sudden demand for tamarind seeds and Kalam used to collect the seeds and sell them to a provision shop on Mosque Street for an anna a day. He also began working for his cousin, Samsuddin, who distributed newspapers.

Question 32.
How did the Indians feel when the nation’s Independence was in full sight?
Answer:
Indians were filled with unprecedented optimism when the Second World War ended. India’s independence seemed imminent. Gandhiji declared that Indians would build their own India.

Question 33.
Why did Abdul Kaiam want to leave Rameswaram?
Answer:
Kalam wanted to leave Rameswaram because the place did not offer any options for higher education. It just had an elementary school. An ambitious Kalam who was keen to study further wished to go to the district headquarters at Ramanathapuram that had many educational facilities.

Question 34.
Why did Kalam’s father allow Kalam to leave Rameswaram and go to Ramanathapuram?
Answer:
Though not educated himself, Kalam’s pragmatic father understood the significance of education. He did not want to stand in the way of his children’s growth in any way. Since Rameswaram had nothing more than an elementary school, his father willingly allowed Kalam to go to Ramanathapuram to pursue higher studies and persuaded his wife to do the same.

Question 35.
What did Kalam’s father say when Kalam sought his permission to leave Rameswaram and go to Ramanathapuram?
Answer:
When Kalam sought his father’s permission to leave Rameswaram and go to Ramanathapuram to study, Kalam’s father told him that he trusted his son’s decision to grow. He gave him the example of young seagulls who leave their parents’ nest to learn to fly. So, must the children be allowed to leave home and gain knowledge in the big world outside.

Question 36.
What did Kalam’s father mean to say when he quoted Khalil Gibran? Why do you think he spoke these words?
Answer:
Kalam’s father meant that every human being must be given the opportunity to build his life as per his wishes and parents should not hinder this effort. He spoke these words to convince Kalam’s mother that her son’s decision to leave home was right. She should allow him happily to shape his life according to his own ideas.

### My Childhood Extra Questions and Answers Long Answer Type

Question 1.
What do you learn about APJ. Abdul Kalam’s family from the lesson “My Childhood”?
Answer:
Abdul Kalam tells us that his family was a middle class Tamil Muslim family from Rameshwaram. His parents were good, kind and wise people who gave their children a childhood that was emotionally and materially secure. His father, Jainulabdeen, was not much educated, wasn’t rich but was generous, wise, simple man but was austere and used to avoid all inessential comforts and luxuries. However, all necessities were provided for, in terms of food, medicine or clothes.

His mother Ashiamma was a generous lady, and used to feed unlimited numbers of people. The family respected all religions and took part in Hindu festivals. During the annual Shri Sita Rama Kalyanam ceremony, Kalam’s family used to arrange boats with a special platform for carrying idols of the Lord from the temple to the marriage site, situated in the middle of the pond called Rama Tirtha which was near their house. Events from the Ramayana and from the life of the Prophet were the bedtime stories Kalam’s mother and grandmother would tell the children in the family. The parents always showered their love on their children and never forced their views on them.

Question 2.
What incident took place at the Rameswaram Elementary School when a new teacher came to the class?
Answer:
Kalam, who was a Muslim, used to wear a cap and his friend, Ramanadha Sastry, the son of the head priest at the Rameswaram temple, wore a sacred thread which marked him to be a Brahmin. When the new teacher came he could not stomach a Hindu priest’s son sitting with a Muslim boy. In accordance with social ranking as the new teacher saw it, Abdul Kalam was asked to go and sit on the back bench.

Both the boys felt very sad. Ramanadha Sastry looked utterly downcast and as Kalam shifted to his seat in the last row, he saw tears in his eyes. Both the kids narrated the incident to their parents. Lakshmana Sastry summoned the teacher, and reprimanded him for spreading the poison of social inequality and communal intolerance in the minds of innocent children. The teacher was asked to either apologise or quit the school and the island. Not only did the teacher regret his behaviour, but the strong sense of conviction Lakshmana Sastry conveyed ultimately reformed him.

Question 3.
Narrate the incident of new teacher’s behaviour in the classroom. Was his action appropriate? What values did the new teacher learn after that incident?
Answer:
When Abdul Kalam was in the fifth standard, a new teacher, who had a conservative and narrow outlook, came to teach them. He saw Abdul Kalam sitting in the front row with Ramanadha Sastry. He identified Kalam as a Muslim as he used to wear a cap which marked him as one and Ramanadha Sastry, who wore the sacred thread as a Brahmin. The teacher could not digest a Muslim boy sitting with a Brahmin boy, that too the son of a priest. In accordance with their social ranking as he saw it, he asked Kalam to go and sit on the back bench.

Abdul Kalam and Ramanadha Sastry, both, felt very sad. His action was not at all appropriate as all human beings are equal. After this incident, Ramanadha Sastry’s father, Lakshmana Sastry, called the teacher and taught him the lesson that one must have respect for all religions and work for communal harmony. He told the teacher that he should not spread the poison of social inequality and communal intolerance in the minds of innocent children. He bluntly asked the teacher to either apologise or quit the school and the island. His strong sense of conviction ultimately reformed this young teacher.

Question 4.
How did Abdul Kalam earn his first wages? How did he feel at that time? Explain.
Answer:
Abdul Kalam’s cousin, Samsuddin, helped him earn his first wages. He used to collect newspapers from the station and distribute in Rameswaram. It was the time of the Second World War. Initially his area, being isolated, was completely unaffected by this War. But, soon the Indian forces also joined the Allied forces. A state of emergency was declared. The first casualty of the emergency was the suspension of train halt at Rameswaram.

It affected Samsuddin’s business adversely. Now, the bundles of newspapers had to be thrown from the moving train from the moving train on the Rameswaram Road between Rameswaram and Dhanuskodi. Samsuddin wanted a helping hand who could catch the bundles thrown from the moving train. Abdul Kalam was engaged for this job by him. Thus, he earned his wages for the first time. Abdul Kalam felt a great sense of pride when he earned his first wages.

Question 5.
When Sivasubramania told Kalam, “Once, you decide to change the system, such problems have to be confronted”. What system was he referring to? What are “such problems”? What values did he want to teach Kalam?
Answer:
Abdul Kalam’s science teacher, Sivasubramania Iyer, was a rebel by nature. He was against the prevalent system of segregation of social groups. He wanted to break these social barriers so that people from varying backgrounds could mingle easily When he invited Abdul Kalam to his home, his wife, in keeping with the prevailing system, refused to serve Kalam, a Muslim, food in her kitchen.

But, Iyer not only served him food himself but also invited him next week again. He told Abdul Kalam that when one decides to go against the age-old social barriers, one has to face many problems. He proved that if one is determined to face problems ’ and change the system, one succeeds. He also tried to teach him that sometimes it is good to rebel. We should fight for right reasons and to achieve higher goals.

Question 6.
How was the Science teacher Sivasubramani Iyer, though an orthodox Brahmin with a very conservative wife, an important influence in Abdul Kalam’s life? Give incidents to support your answer.
Answer:
The Science teacher, Sivasubramania Iyer wanted Kalam to be very highly educated as he recognized his intelligence. He used to spend hours with the young boy and would express his desire that Kalam develops his abilities so that he was on par with the highly educated people of the big cities. He also, wanted to break the social barriers between the Hindus and the Muslims. One day, he invited him over for a meal.

His orthodox wife was totally horrified at the idea of a Muslim boy dining in her ritually pure kitchen. He did not heed anything said by his very conservative wife. He rather served Kalam food with his own hands. He also sat with him and dined together with him. Not only that, he invited him over again for another meal the coming weekend. Thus, this shows that he was an important influence on Abdul Kalam even though Kalam was a Muslim and he himself was an orthodox Brahmin.

Question 7.
What influence did Abdul Kalam’s teachers have on him?
Answer:
Teachers play a very important role in the lives of their students. Abdul Kalam’s life, too, was influenced in a major way by some experiences that he had during his school days. These episodes were instrumental in shaping his character and later on his career. Once, when he was in the fifth standard, a new teacher came to his class. A man with a conservative and narrow outlook, he could not digest a Muslim boy sitting with a Brahmin boy, that too the son of a priest. In accordance with their social ranking as he saw it, he asked Kalam to go and sit on the back bench.

This was a heart-breaking experience for Kalam. This poison of social inequality and communal intolerance could have demoralized the young Kalam if his friend’s father, Lakshmana Sastry had not intervened. He ensured that the teacher not only regretted his action but also reformed himself.

Another very important influence in his life was Sivasubramania Iyer, his Science teacher. He wanted Kalam to be very highly educated as he recognized his intelligence. He used to spend hours with the young boy and would express his desire that Kalam develops his abilities so that he was on par with the highly educated people of the big cities. He also, wanted to break the social barriers between the Hindus and the Muslims. He invited him over for a meal and when his orthodox wife refused to serve food to a Muslim boy in her ritually pure kitchen he served Kalam food with his own hands.

He also sat with him and dined together with him. Not only that, he invited him over again for another meal the coming weekend. He advised Kalam, “Once you decide to change the system, such problems have to be confronted”. These two experiences shaped Kalam’s outlook as they made him realise the importance of confronting problems and fighting divisive forces.

Question 8.
Why did the narrator’s father say, “Does the seagull not fly across the sun, alone and without a nest”?
Answer:
When Abdul Kalam asked his father for permission to leave Rameswaram and study at the district headquarters in Ramanathapuram, his father did not get upset, nor did he try to stop him. On the contrary, he encouraged his son to leave Rameshwaram and to spread his wings and go to make his own way. He took example of young seagulls who leave their parents’ nest to leam to fly. His words have very a very important lesson.

Unlike human beings, most of the animals teach their young ones the skills of survival and allow them to fend for themselves after a certain age. This makes them more independent and courageous. For human also after a certain age certain degree of responsibility and independence is always helpful in making a perfect adult. Kalam’s father realised his son wanted to go away to grow.

He was a wise man and was aware of the need of an individual to grow and achieve his/ her full potential. He knew that life is not easy. His son would have to make tremendous efforts to face the hardships of life. The sons and Daughters must live their own lives.

### My Childhood Extra Questions and Answers Reference to Context

Read the extracts given below and answer the questions that follow.

Question 1.
I was born into a middle-class Tamil family in the island town of Rameswaram in the erstwhile Madras State. My father, Jainulabdeen, had neither much formal education nor much wealth; despite these disadvantages, he possessed great innate wisdom and a true generosity of spirit. He had an ideal helpmate in my mother, Ashiamma.

(a) Where was Abdul Kalam born?
Answer:
Abdul Kalam was bom in the island town of Rameswaram which fell in the erstwhile Madras State.

(b) What qualities did Abdul Kalam’s father possess?
Answer:
His father was a wise and generous man.

(c) In what ways was Ashiamma an ideal helpmate for her husband?
Answer:
Ashiamma was a generous person who fed a large number of people everyday.

(d) What characteristics does he say he inherited from his parents?
Answer:
He inherited honesty and self discipline from his father. From his mother he inherited a sense of kindness and faith.

Question 2.
I was one of many children – a short boy with rather undistinguished looks, born to tall and handsome parents. We lived in or ancestral house, made of limestone and bricks, on the Mosque Street in Rameshwaram. My austere father used to avoid all inessential comforts and luxuries. However, all necessities were provided for, in terms of food, medicine or clothes. In fact I would say a mine was a very secure childhood, both materially and emotionally.

(a) How was Kalam different from his parents in looks?
Answer:
While Kalam’s parents were tall, handsome people, he was a short boy with rather ordinary looks.

(b) What does Kalam tell us about his home?
Answer:
Kalam’s family lived in their ancestral house, made of limestone and bricks, on the Mosque Street in Rameshwaram.

(c) How do we know that Kalam’s father was austere?
Answer:
Kalam’s. father shunned all inessential comforts and luxuries.

(d) What kind of a childhood did Kalam have?
Answer:
Kalam had a comfortable and secure childhood.

Question 3.
In fact, I would say mine was a very secure childhood, both materially and emotionally.

(a) In what way was Kalam’s childhood ‘secure’?
Answer:
Kalam was provided with all the necessities in terms of food, medicine and clothes. Apart from it, his parents loved him a lot. and took good care of him.

(b) What does Kalam mean by ‘material security’?
Answer:
By material security, Kalam means all the necessities of life that one needs while growing up that can be provided with money.

(c) What is meant by ‘emotional security’?
Answer:
‘Emotional security’ is the love and care that one needs to flourish and thrive.

(d) How did his parents provide Kalam with material and emotional security?
Answer:
Kalam’s parents provided him with material security by seeing all necessities in terms of food, medicine or clothes were provided for and emotional security by giving him a loving and secure childhood.

Question 4.
I used to collect the seeds and sell them to a provision shop on Mosque Street.

(a) Which seeds did the narrator collect?
Answer:
Kalam collected tamarind seeds.

(b) Why did he collect these seeds?
Answer:
These seeds were collected by Kalam as they were in great demand in the market during the Second World War and could be sold easily for a good sum of money.

(c) What did he do with the collected seeds?
Answer:
Kalam would sell off the collected seeds to a provision shop on Mosque Street.

(d) What light does the extract throw on the narrator?
Answer:
The extract shows that the narrator, Kalam, was very enterprising and hard-working. His faith in dignity of labour prompted him to collect the seeds and sell them off.

Question 5.
The first casualty came in the form of suspension of train halt at Rameswaram station. The newspaper had now to be bundled and thrown out from the moving train on the Rameswaram road between Rameswaram and Dhanuskodi. That forced my cousin Samsuddin, who distributed the newspapers in Rameswaram to look for a helping hand and catch the bundles and as if naturally Ifilled the slot.

(a) What does he mean by first casualty?
Answer:
The first blow that fell on Rameswaram, which had been unaffected by the war so far, was the suspension of the train stop there.

(b) Who was Samsuddin? What did he do?
Answer:
Samsuddin was Abdul Kalam’s cousin. He used to distribute newspapers in Rameswaram.

(c) Why did the cousin need a helping hand? How did he help Kalam earn a salary?
Answer:
As the train did not halt at Rameswaram, bundles were thrown off a moving train on the Rameswaram Road between Rameswaram and Dhanuskodi and had to be caught. Samsuddin needed a helping hand to catch the bundles and he employed Kalam for the job.

(d) How did Kalam feel later about his job?
Answer:
Kalam felt a sense of pride for earning his own money for the first time.

Question 6.
During the annual Shri Sita Rama Kalyanam Ceremony, our family used to arrange boats with a special platform for carrying idols of the Lordfrom the temple to the marriage site situated in the middle of the pond called Rama Tirtha which was near our house.

(a) What was the annual event held in Rameswaram?
Answer:
The annual event held in Rameswaram was the Shri Sita Rama Kalyanam ceremony or the wedding ceremony of Sita and Rama.

(b) Where did the boats carry the idols of the Lord?
Answer:
The idols were carried from the temple to the marriage site that was in the middle of the Rama Tirtha pond.

(c) Who provided the boats for ferrying the idols of Rama and Sita to the marriage site?
Answer:
Abdul Kalam’s family arranged for the boats required to ferry the idols.

(d) What light does this throw on the Rameswaram society?
Answer:
This highlights the secular nature of society and the natural Hindu Muslim cooperation in most parts of India. They were aware of their different identities but they were living harmoniously as people do in any normal society.

Question 7.
I inherited honesty and self-discipline from my father; from my mother, I inherited faith in goodness and deep kindness and so did my three brothers and sister. I had three close friends in my childhood – Ramanadha Sastry, Aravindan and Sivaprakashan. All these boys were from orthodox Hindu Brahmin families. As children, none of us ever felt any difference amongst ourselves because of our religious differences and upbringing.

(a) How does the author describe his father?
Answer:
The author describes his father as an austere man, who looked after all needs of his family.

(b) In what way did Kalam’s father show his self-discipline?
Answer:
Abdul Kalam’s father was an austere man who kept away from all inessential comforts and luxuries.

(c) What was the difference between the writer and his friends?
Answer:
The other three boys were from orthodox Brahmin families whereas the writer was a Muslim.

(d) How did the difference affect the friendship between the boys?
Answer:
The boys did not feel any difference between themselves and it did not affect their friendship in any way.

Question 8.
One day when I was in fifth standard at Rameswaram Elementary School, a new teacher came to our class. I used to wear a cap which marked me Muslim and I always sat in the front row next to Ramanadha Sastry, who wore a sacred thread. The new teacher could not stomach a Hindu priest’s son sitting with a Muslim boy. In accordance with our social ranking, as the new teacher saw it, I was asked to go and sit on the back bench.

(a) Name the school, where Kalam studied.
Answer:
Kalam studied at Rameswaram Elementary School in Rameswaram.

(b) Which social groups existed in Rameswaram?
Answer:
Kalam has mentioned Hindus and Muslims as two distinct social groups living in Rameshwaram.

(c) How were these groups easily identified?
Answer:
These groups had their different dress codes and rituals. For example Kalam used to wear a cap while his friend Ramanadham used to wear the sacred thread.

(d) What did the teacher ask Kalam to do?
Answer:
He did not want Kalam, a Muslim, sitting with a Hindu priest’s son and so he told him to go and sit on the back bench.

Question 9.
I felt very sad, and so did Ramanadha Sastry. He looked utterly downcast as I shifted to my seat in the last row.

(a) How did the teacher know that Kalam was a Muslim?
Answer:
The teacher realised Kalam was a Muslim because he wore the cap worn by Muslims.

(b) Why did the narrator feel sad?
Answer:
The narrator felt sad because his new teacher did not let him sit with his Hindu friend in the front row of the class, but sent him to sit at the back of the class.

(c) Who looked “utterly downcast”? Why?
Answer:
It was Ramanadha Sastry, Kalam’s close friend, who looked utterly downcast at being separated from his friend.

(d) Why was Kalam’s seat shifted?
Answer:
The new teacher believed in certain notions of social ranking. He could not bear to see a Muslim boy sitting along with the son of a Hindu priest. So, he shifted Kalam’s seat to the last row.

Question 10.
After school, we went home and told our respective parents about the incident. Lakshmana Sastry summoned the teacher and in our presence, told the teacher that he should not spread the poison of social inequality and communal Intolerance in the minds of innocent children. He bluntly asked the teache/to either apologise or quit the school and the island. Not only did the teacher regret his behaviour, but the strong sense of conviction Lakshmana Sastry conveyed ultimately reformed this young teacher.

(a) What incident is the narrator talking about?
Answer:
The narrator is talking about the time when he was in fifth standard, a new teacher asked him not to sit in the front row along with the high caste Brahmin boys.

(b) Who was Lakshmana Sastry? What did he accuse the teacher of?
Answer:
Lakshmana Sastry was the father of Kalam’s friend Ramanadha Sastry, and the high priest of the Rameswaram temple. He accused the teacher of spreading the poison of social inequality and communal intolerance in the minds of innocent children.

(c) What brought about a change in the teacher?
Answer:
The strong disapproval of the teacher’s behaviour and his sense of conviction that Lakshmana Sastry conveyed to the teacher brought about a change in the teacher.

(d) What kind of society did the speaker live in?
Answer:
The speaker lived in a society that was orthodox, but at the same time was truly secular.

Question 11.
Sivasubramania Iyer was not perturbed, nor did he get angry with his wife, but instead, served me with his own hands and sat down beside me to eat his meal.

(a) Who was Sivasubramania Iyer?
Answer:
Sivasubramania Iyer was Kalam’s science teacher.

(b) What was it that could have perturbed Sivasubramania Iyer?
Answer:
Sivasubramania Iyer’s conservative wife had refused to serve Kalam, a Muslim. Since Sivasubramania Iyer had invited Kalam to eat with him, this could have perturbed him.

(c) Why did Sivasubramania Iyer not get angry with his wife?
Answer:
Sivasubramania Iyer wanted to change an existing system. He was prepared for the problems he was sure to encounter. He did not get angry with his wife because he knew she believed in the existing system.

(d) Why did Sivasubramania sit down with Kalam to eat his meal?
Answer:
Sivasubramania wished to make his wife realize that irrespective of their religions all human beings are equal and they all deserve to be treated as we would like to be treated by them.

Question 12.
His wife watched us from behind the kitchen door. I wondered whether she had observed any difference in the way I ate rice, drank water or cleaned the floor after the meal. When I was leaving his house, Sivasubramania Iyer invited me to join him for dinner again the next weekend.

(a) Whose wife is being referred to in Line 1?
Answer:
The narrator refers to the wife of his Science teacher, Sivasubramania Iyer.

(b) Why did she watch them from behind the kitchen door?
Answer:
The teacher’s wife believed in the segregation of different sections of society. She did not want Kalam, a Muslim, to enter her kitchen and to eat food there. As a result, she hid behind the kitchen door and observed everything.

(c) Why did Sivasubramania invite Kalam again the next weekend?
Answer:
He invited Kalam again the next weekend because he wanted to bring about a change in the conservative attitude of his wife

(d) What was the narrator’s reaction to the teacher’s invitation?
Answer:
The narrator was reluctant to accept the teacher’s invitation because he realised the teacher’s wife did not wish to serve him food in her kitchen.

Question 13.
Sivasubramania Iyer invited me to join him for dinner again the next weekend. Observing my hesitation, he told me not to get upset, saying, “Once you decide to change they system, such problems have to be confronted. ” When I visited his house the next week, Sivasubramania Iyer’s wife took me inside her kitchen and served me food with her own hands.

(a) Why was the writer reluctant to join his teacher for dinner?
Answer:
The teacher’s wife was opposed to the idea of a Muslim eating in her kitchen. She had refused to serve him the previous time. That made Kalam reluctant to dine with his teacher.

(b) What “system” was he talking about?
Answer:
He is talking of breaking social barriers of religious and caste divide between the people.

(c) What was the effect of this on Sivasubramania’s wife?
Answer:
This time she let Kalam into the kitchen and served him herself.

(d) What do you learn about Sivasubramania’s character from this episode?
Answer:
The extract shows that Sivasubramania was a very progressive and a broad minded person who treated everybody as equal and who seriously wanted to bring about a change in society.

Question 14.
Then the Second World War was over and India’s freedom was imminent “Indians build their own India ”, declared Gandhiji. The whole country was filled with unprecedented optimism. I asked my father’s permission to leave Rameshwaram and study at the district headquarters in Ramanathapuram

(a) What did the Indians expect after the Second World War was over?
Answer:
Indians expected India would soon get independence after the war.

(b) What did Gandhiji declare and what did he mean?
Answer:
Gandhiji declared Indians would have to build their own India. He meant each citizen would have to contribute in her/his way in the task of nation building.

(c) Why was the whole country optimistic?
Answer:
The country was optimistic of getting independence from British Rule. Everyone dreamt of a free India.

(d) Where did Kalam decide to go and why?
Answer:
Kalam decided to go to the district headquarters in Ramanathapuram to study further.

Question 15.
He told me as if thinking aloud, “Abul! I know you have to go away to grow. Does the seagull not fly across the Sun, alone and without a nest? ”

(a) Who is ‘he’ in the above lines?
Answer:
He in the above lines is Kalam’s father, Jainulabdeen.

(b) Why did ‘he’ say so to the listener?
Answer:
He says these words to Abdul as he wants to encourage his son to go to the district headquarters in Ramanathapuram to study further.

(c) What do you learn about Kalam’s feelings from the speaker’s words?
Answer:
The speaker’s words show that Abdul Kalam was a little apprehensive of going away to study alone.

(d) What do you learn about the speaker from the above lines?
Answer:
The speaker was very keen his son got a good education and was very encouraging. He was very wise and didn’t believe in obstructing his children’s progress. He was of the view that children ought to be allowed to live life according to their own wishes.

Question 16.
“Your children are not your children. They are the sons and daughters of Life’s longing for itself. ”

(a) Name the writer who wrote these lines.
Answer:
These lines are originally written by Khalil Gibran.

(b) Who quotes these words and to whom?
Answer:
These words are quoted by Abdul Kalam’s father, Jainulabdeen, to Ashiamma, Kalam’s mother.

(c) Why does he speak these words?
Answer:
After finishing his elementary education, when Kalam sought his father’s permission to leave Rameswaram and study at district headquarters in Ramanathapuram, his father said these words to Kalam’s mother who was a bit reluctant to send her young son away.

(d) What does he mean by ‘Sons and daughters of Life’s longing for itself?
Answer:
Kahlil Gibran says one’s children are not one’s own. It is Life that expresses through them. Parents are merely the soil from whence they take birth.

## Gravitation Class 9 Extra Questions and Answers Science Chapter 10

In this page, we are providing Gravitation Class 9 Extra Questions and Answers Science Chapter 10 pdf download. NCERT Extra Questions for Class 9 Science Chapter 10 Gravitation with Answers will help to score more marks in your CBSE Board Exams.

## Class 9 Science Chapter 10 Extra Questions and Answers Gravitation

Extra Questions for Class 9 Science Chapter 10 Gravitation with Answers Solutions

### Gravitation Class 9 Extra Questions Very Short Answer Type

Question 1.
Define the following terms.
(a) Freefall
(b) Acceleration due to gravity
(c) Mass
(d) Weight
(e) Density
(f) Relative density
(g) Thrust
(h) Pressure
(i) Buoyancy
Answer:
(a) Freefall: Whenever objects fall towards the Earth under gravitational force alone, we say that the
objects are in free fall.
(b) Acceleration due to gravity The acceleration with which a body falls towards the Earth due to Earth’s gravitational pull is known as acceleration due to gravity.
(c) Mass: Mass of a body is the quantity of matter contained in it.
(d) Weight: The weight of an object is the force with which it is attracted to the Earth.
(e) Density: The density of a substance is defined as its mass per unit volume.
(f) Relative density: The relative density of a substance is the ratio of its density to that of water.
(g) Thrust: The force acting on an object perpendicular to the surface is called thrust.
(h) Pressure: The thrust per unit area is called pressure.
(i) Buoyancy: When a body is partially or wholly immersed in a fluid, an upward force acts on it which is called upthrust or buoyant force.

Question 2.
What is the source of centripetal force that a planet requires to revolve around the Sun? On what factors does that force depend?
Answer:
Gravitational force is the source of centripetal force that a planet requires to revolve around the Sun. This force depends on the mass of the planet and the Sun and their separation.

Question 3.
Suppose gravity on Earth suddenly becomes zero then in which direction will the moon begin to move if no other celestial body affects it?
Answer:
Moon will move tangent to the point of its circular orbit.

Students can read Gravitation Class 10 Exercise Answers

Question 4.
Identical packets are dropped from two airplanes, one above the equator and the other above the north pole, both at height h. Assuming all conditions are identical, wifi those packets take some time to reach the surface of the Earth. Justify your answer.
Answer:
No, both packets will take different time. Packet at the pole will take less time because the acceleration due to gravity at the pole is greater than that the equator.

Question 5.
The weight of any person on the moon is about 1/6 times that on the Earth. A person can lift a mass of 15 kg on the Earth. What will be the maximum mass, which can be lifted by the same force applied by the person on the moon?
Answer:
The person can lift six times the weight of an object on the Earth with the same force on the moon. Hence he can lift 90 kg on the moon.

Question 6.
How does the force of attraction between the two bodies depend on their masses and distance between them?
Answer:
The force between two masses is directly proportional to the product of the masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.
F = $$\frac{\mathrm{Gm}_{1}, m_{2}}{r^{2}}$$

Question 7.
What is the value of acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the moon?
Answer:
The acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the moon is 1.6 m/s2

Question 8.
Find the weight of a stone on the surface of Earth if its mass is 20 kg. (g -9.8 m/s2)
Answer:
Mass of stone, m = 20 kg
Weight of stone, w = mg
or, w = 20 x 9.8
∴ w = 196 N

Question 9.
A pressure of 200 pa is acting on an area of 0.5 m2. Find the thrust exerted on this area.
Answer:
Given, pressure, p = 200 pa
Area,
A = 0.5 m
Thrust = pressure x area
= 200 pa x 0.5 m2
Thrust = 100 N

Question 10.
In which direction does the buoyant force on an object immersed in a liquid act?
Answer:
The buoyant force on an object acts in an upward direction.

Question 11.
What should be the value of the relative density of a substance so that it may sink in water?
Answer:
If the relative density of the substance is greater than that of water, then it sinks in water.

Question 12.
Name the two forces acting on an object floating on the surface of the water.
Answer:

• Gravitational force acts downward.
• The buoyant force acts upward.

Question 13.
The relative density of mercury is 13.6. What does this statement mean?
Answer:
It means that the density of mercury is 13.6 times that of water.

### Gravitation Class 9 Extra Questions Short Answer Type 1

Question 1.
Write down SI unit of
(a) Universal gravitational constant
(b) Acceleration due to gravity
(c) Density
(d) Relative density
(e) Mass
(f) Weight.
Answer:
(a) Nm2/kg2
(b) rn/s2
(c) kg/m3
(d) no unit
(e) kg
(f) N

Question 2.
If an iron ball exerts a gravitational force F on the rubber ball. How much force will the rubber ball exert on the iron ball? Explain.
Answer:
The rubber ball also exerts the same force F on the iron ball. According to Ncwto&s law of gravitation, both body attracts each other with equal force but in opposite direction.

Question 3.
Write the expression of acceleration due to gravity of a body of mass m on a planet of mass M. In which direction does It act?
Answer:
g = $$\frac{\mathrm{GMm}}{r^{2}}$$
M = Mass of planet
Acceleration due to gravity acts towards the centre of the planet.

Question 4.
What is the difference between ‘g’ and ‘G’?
Acceleration due to gravity (g):

• The acceleration produced in a body falling freely under the action of the gravitational pull of the Earth is known as acceleration due to gravity.
• The value of ‘G’ is same at every point on the Earth.

Acceleration due to gravity (G):

• The gravitational force between two bodies of unit masses separated by a init distance is known as universal gravitational constant.
• The value of is different at different points on the Earth.

Question 5.
The moon is acted by the gravitational pull of the Earth, still, it does not fall onto the Earth. Explain, why?
Answer:
The gravitational force of the Earth provides centripetal force to the moon for motion around the Earth.

Question 6.
Mention any two phenomena which successfully explain the basis of the universal law of gravitation.
Answer:

• Tides in oceans are formed due to the gravitational force between the moon and the water in oceans,
• The atmosphere of the Earth is possible due to the gravitational force.

Question 6.
On what factors does buoyant force depend?
Answer:
Buoyant force depends on

• Density of fluid
• Volume of fluid displaced
• Acceleration due to gravity at that point

Question 8.
Distinguish between density and relative density of a substance.
Answer:
Density:

• It is defined as mass per unit volume.
• SI unit of density is kg/m3

Relative density:

• It is defined as the ratio of the density of the substance to the density of water at 4°C.
• Unitless.

Gravitation Class 9 Extra Questions Numericals

Question 1.
The mass of the Sun is 2 x 1030 kg and that of the Earth is 6 x 1024 kg. If the average distance between the Sun and the Earth is 1.5 x 1011 m, calculate the force exerted by the Sun on the Earth and also by Earth on the Sun.
Answer:
Given,
Mass of the Sun, M = 2 x 1030 kg
Mass of the Earth, m = 6 x 1024 kg
Distance between the Sun and the Earth,
r = 1.5 x 1011 m
Gravitational force between two masses is given by,
F = $$\frac{\mathrm{GMm}}{r^{2}}$$

∴ F = 3.6 x 1022N

Question 2.
A planet x has a mass 2 times and radius 3 times that of the Earth. What is the acceleration due to gravity on the planet, if the acceleration due to gravity on the Earth is 10 m/s2.
Answer:
Given, Mass of planet, Mp = 2 Me
Radius of planet,
Acceleration due to gravity of Earth,ge = $$\frac{G M_{e}}{R_{e}^{2}}$$ ………(i)
Acceleration due to gravity of planet,gp = $$\frac{\mathrm{GM}_{p}}{r_{p}^{2}}=\frac{\mathrm{G} \times 2 \mathrm{M}_{e}}{\left(3 \mathrm{R}_{e}\right)^{2}}$$
or, gp = $$\frac{2 \mathrm{GMe}}{9 \mathrm{R}_{e}^{2}}$$
∴ gp = $$\frac {2}{9}$$ ge
∴ gp = 2.22 m/s2

Question 3.
Calculate the weight of an astronaut of mass 66 kg on the surface of the Earth and on the surface of the moon. The acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the moon is $$\frac {1}{6}$$th times the acceleration duc to gravity at the surface of the Earth.
Answer:
Given.
Mass of astronaut, m = 66 kg
Weight of astronaut on Earth, we = mge = 66 x 9.8
we = 646.8 N
Weight of astronaut on moon, Wm = mgm = $$\frac{m g_{e}}{6}=\frac{66 \times 9.8}{6}$$
∴ Wm = 107.8 N

Question 4.
Which will exert more pressure 100 kg mass on an area of 10m2 or 50kg mass on an area of 4 m2? (Take g = 10 m/s2)
Answer:
Given, m1 = 100 kg
m2 =50 kg
A1 = 10 m2
A2 = 4 m2
F1 = m1 g = 1000N
F2 = m2g = 500 N
P1 = F1/A1 = $$\frac{1000 \mathrm{N}}{10 \mathrm{m}^{2}}$$ = 100 pa
P2 = F2/A2= $$\frac{500}{4 \mathrm{m}^{2}}$$ = 125 pa
50 kg mass on 4 m2 exerts more pressure.

Question 5.
The relative density of silver is 10.8. The density of water is 1000 kg/m3. What Is the density of silver in SI unit?
Answer:
Given, Relative density of silver = 10.8
The density of water 1000 kg/m3

∴ Density of silver = 10.8 x 103 kg/ms3

### Gravitation Class 9 Extra Questions Short Answer Type 2

Question 1.
State following laws or principles
(a) Newton’s law of gravitation
(b) Pascal’s law
(c) Archimede’s principle
Answer:
Newton’s law of gravitation: Every particle in the universe attracts every other particle with a force, which is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of distance between the two masses.

Pascal’s law: In an enclosed fluid, if pressure is changed in any part of the fluid, then this change in pressure is transmitted undiminished to all the other parts of the fluid.

Archimede’s principle: When a body is immersed fully or partially in a fluid, it experiences an upward force that is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by it.

Question 2.
Calculate the average density of the Earth in terms of g, G, and R.
Answer:
Acceleration due to gravity at the surface of the Earth is given by, g = $$\frac{\mathrm{GM}}{r^{2}}$$
If the Earth is considered to be a perfect sphere, mass of Earth, M = dυ = d x $$\frac{4}{3}$$πr3
Putting value of mass in above formula g.
g = $$\frac{G \times d \times \frac{4}{3} \pi r^{3}}{r^{2}}$$
or, g = $$\frac{4}{3}$$ πd GR
∴ d = $$\frac{3g}{4tGR}$$
Here, d = average density of the Earth
g = acceleration due to gravity
G = universal gravitational constant.

Question 3.
Derive an expression for the acceleration due to gravity.
Answer:
The gravitational force between the body of mass ‘m’ and Earth can be represented as
F = $$F=\frac{G M m}{r^{2}}$$ ……….(1)
Force of gravity on the body can be expressed as
F = mg ………. (2)
From (1) and (2),
$$g =\frac{G M}{r^{2}}$$

Question 4.
Why does an object float or sink when placed on the surface of the water?
Answer:
When an object is placed on the surface of the water, two forces act on the object.

• The gravitational force in the downward direction.
• Upthrust or buoyant force in the upward direction.

When the gravitational force is greater than the upthrust or buoyant force on the object, the object sinks in water. if the upthrust or buoyant force is greater than or equal to the gravitational force, then the object floats.
Or
if the average density of the object is greater than the density of water, the object sinks. If the average density of the object is less than or equal to the density of water, the object floats.

Question 5.
Write any three applications of Archimede’s principle.
Answer:
Applications of Archimede’s principle –

• To design ships and submarines.
• To design lactometers to test the purity of milk.
• To design hydrometers to find the density of liquids.

Gravitation Class 9 Extra Questions Numericals

Question 1.
A cube of side 20 cm have a mass of 16 kg. Find its relative density.
Answer:
Given,
Side of cube, a = 20 cm = 0.2 m
Mass of cube, m = 16 kg

Question 2.
An object of mass 50 g has a volume of 10 cm3. Will the object float or sink in water? Give reason.
Answer:
Given, Mass of an object, m = 50 g
The volume of object., u = 10 cm3

= 5 g/cm3
Here, the density of the object is greater than the density of water (1 g/cm3), hence the object will sink.

Question 3.
A piece of copper of mass 106 g is dipped in a measuring cylinder containing water at 22 mL mark. The water rises to 34 mL mark.
Find (a) the volume of the copper piece (b) the density of copper.
Answer:
(a) Volume of copper piece, υ = 34 mL – 22 mL
υ = 12 mL = 12 cm3

(b) Density of copper:

### Gravitation Class 9 Extra Questions Long Answer Type

Question 1.
Explain
(a) Why is the weight of a body-less at the equator than poles?
(b) Why is the weight of an object lesson a mountain than at the sea level?
(e) Why is the weight of a man less on the surface of the moon than on the surface of Earth?
(d) Why is the weight of a body zero at the center of the Earth?
(e) Why does an iron nail sinks in water but a wooden cork floats on water?
(f) Why does a balloon filled with hydrogen gas float in the air?
(g) Why is a bucket of water lighter when in water than when it is taken out of water?
(h) Why is a sharp knife more effective than a blunt knife?
(i) Why do we feel lighter when we swim?
(j) Why does a truck or a motor bus have very wide tires?
(k) Why do nails and pins have pointed ends?
(l) Why are wide wooden sleepers kept below railway lines?
(m) Why does the foundation of a building or a dam have a large surface area?
(n) Why do skiers use flat skies to slide over snow?
(o) Why are broad handles provided in bags and suitcases?
(p) Why a camel walks easily on the sandy surface than a man?
(q) Why is it easier to swim in seawater than ordinary river water?
(r) Why does a ship made of iron float on the water while a nail made of iron sink into water?
(s) Why does an object experience more buoyant force on the Earth than on the moon?
(t) Why is it easy to lift a heavy stone underwater?
(u) Why are cutting and piercing tools made sharp?
Answer:
(a) Since the acceleration due to gravity at the equator is less than the acceleration due to gravity at the poles. So the weight of the body is less at the equator than at the poles.
(b) When we move away from the center of Earth, acceleration due to gravity decreases (above the surface of Earth). So the weight of the object at the mountain is less in comparison to the weight at the surface.
(c) The value of acceleration due to gravity at the surface of the moon is one-sixth times the value of acceleration due to gravity at the surface of the Earth. So the weight of a body on the moon is one-sixth times the weight of the body on the Earth.
(d) Acceleration due to gravity at the center of the Earth is zero. Hence the weight of the object is zero.
(e) The density of an iron nail is greater than the density of water so, it sinks in water. The density of a wooden cork is less than the density of water, hence it floats on water.
Or
The weight of an iron nail is greater than the upthrust or buoyant force on the iron nail, so it sinks in water. On the other hand upthrust or buoyant force on the cork is equal to the weight of the cork. Hence the wooden cork floats on water.
(f) The density of hydrogen is less than the density of air.
Or
The upthrust on buoyant force acting on a hydrogen balloon is greater than the weight of the hydrogen balloon. So it floats in air.
(g) A bucket of water appears lighter inside water due to the upthrust or buoyant force of water.
(h) The pressure is inversely proportional to the area for the same force. Therefore pressure exerted by a sharp knife îs more than the pressure exerted by a blunt knife. Therefore, a sharp knife is more effective in cutting an object than a blunt knife.
(i) Due to the upthrust or buoyant force of a water, we feel light.
(j) 8y using a wide tire, the area of contact with the ground is increased and hence the load is distributed
on a larger area to reduce pressure.
(k) Nails and pins have pointed ends so that these can be fixed with minimum force because the pressure on the pointed ends would be large.
(l) Wide wooden sleepers are kept below railway lines to reduce pressure on the railway tracks and prevent them from sinking into the ground.
(m) The foundation of a building or a dam has a large surface area so that the pressure exerted on the ground is less. This is done to prevent the sinking of the building or dam into the ground.
(n) To increase surface area and decrease pressure on snow.
(o) Using broad handles increases area and hence decreases pressure.
(p) A camel walks easily on the sandy surface because the area of the camel’s feet is large as compared to the area of a man’s feet. So the pressure exerted by the camel on the sandy surface is very small as compared to the pressure exerted by the man. Therefore the feet of the camel do not sink much in the sand due to small pressure.
(q) The density of seawater is greater than the density of river water. Upthrust or buoyant force acting on a body is more in seawater.
(r) An iron nail sinks in water because the density of iron is greater than that of water. So the weight of the nail is more than the upthrust of water on it. On the other hand, a ship made of iron does not sink. This is because the ship is hollow and the empty space contains air which makes the average density of the ship less than that of water and hence it floats.
(s) The buoyant force acting on a body depends on acceleration due to gravity. Acceleration due to gravity on the Earth is more than that on the moon.
(t) When a stone is placed in water, an upthrust or buoyant force acts on it due to which its apparent weight or net downward force on it decreases.
(u) To exert more pressure with the same force as pressure is inversely proportional to area. With increasing sharpness area decreases and hence pressure increases.

### Gravitation Class 9 Extra Questions HOTS

Question 1.
The gravitational force between two identical bodies is 200 N. Mass of both bodies becomes twice and separation becomes half. What will be a new force between them?
Answer:
Given, Force between two bodies, F = 200 N
Force between two identical bodies, F = $$\frac{\mathrm{Gm}^{2}}{r^{2}}$$
F = $$\frac{\mathrm{G} m_{1} m_{2}}{r^{\prime 2}}$$
Now the mass of both bodies becomes twice and separation becomes half, New force
F’ = $$$$\frac{G(2 m)(2 m)}{(r / 2)^{2}}=\frac{G m^{2}}{r^{2}}$$$$ = 16 F
Force becomes sixteen times.
New force, F’ = 16 x 200 = 3200 N

Question 2.
The gravitational force between two objects is 100 N. how should the distance between the objects be changed so that force between them becomes 50 N?
Answer:
F = $$\frac{\mathrm{G} m_{1} m_{2}}{r^{2}}=100 \mathrm{N}$$ ……….(1)
F’ = $$\frac{\mathrm{G} m_{1} m_{2}}{r^{2}}=50$$ ……….(2)
From (1) and (2), we get
$$\frac{r^{2}}{r^{2}}=2$$
∴ r’ = $$\sqrt{2} r$$

Question 3.
A body weighs 5 kg in air and 3 kg when fully immersed in water.

1. Find the apparent loss in weight of the body.
2. The upward thrust on the body.
3. The volume of the body. (take g = 10 m/s2)

Answer:
Given, Mass of the body in the air,
ma = 5 kg
Mass of body when immersed in water,
mw = 3 kg
1. The apparent loss in weight = weight of the body in air – weight of the body in water
= 50 N – 30 N = 20 N
Apparent loss in weight = 20 N
2. Upthrust on the body = loss in weight of the body = 20 N
3. The volume of the body = volume of liquid displaced

Question 4.
Explain why a gas bubble released at the bottom of a lake grows in size as it rises to the surface of the lake.
Answer:
The pressure at the bottom is greater than at its surface. Therefore, as the bubble rises up, the pressure of water on it decreases as a result its volume increases.

Question 5.
A block of wood is placed inside the water and the water is then heated. What change will occur in the state of floatation of the block?
Answer:
The density of water decreases as temperature increases. Hence the volume of the block immersed in water increases.

### Gravitation Class 9 Extra Questions Value Based (VBQs)

Question 1.
Sumeet’s uncle often complained that the milk supplied to him was not pure. But the man, who was supplying milk said that it was pure. Sumeet knew how to test the purity of milk. He brought a lactometer and tested the milk.

• On what principle, does the lactometer works?
• Write down the values shown by Sumeet.

Answer:

• Lactometer works on Archimede’s principle.
• Sumeet is an intelligent boy and has good knowledge of science.

Question 2.
Raman went to Goa and he saw tides in the sea. He asked his teacher about the reason behind the formation of tides in sea. His teacher explained the phenomenon of the formation of tides.
Answer the following questions:

• Explain the reason for the formation of tides in the sea.
• Write down the values shown by Raman and his teacher.

Answer:

• The reason for the formation of tides in sea is the gravitational attraction of the moon.
• Raman is a curious student and his teacher is a cooperative person.

Question 3.
Ayush went to buy a school bag. There he selected a bag with broad straps for more comfort.
Answer the following questions on the basis of the above statement.

• Why are broad handles provided in bags and suitcases?
• Write down the values shown by Ayush.

Answer:

• Broad handles are provided in bags and suitcases so that the area of contact increases. This reduces the pressure exerted by the weight of the bag or the suitcase.
• Ayush is a knowledgeable boy.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Free PDF (Updated for 2021-22)

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## All Chapters NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths – Free PDF Download

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## Maths NCERT Solutions Class 9

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## NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Sanskrit Shemushi Chapter 1 भारतीवसन्तगीतिः

We have given detailed NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Sanskrit Shemushi Chapter 1 भारतीवसन्तगीतिः Questions and Answers come in handy for quickly completing your homework.

## Shemushi Sanskrit Class 9 Solutions Chapter 1 भारतीवसन्तगीतिः

### Class 9 Sanskrit Shemushi Chapter 1 भारतीवसन्तगीतिः Textbook Questions and Answers

अभ्यासः

प्रश्न 1.
एकपदेन उत्तरं लिखत –

(क) कविः कां सम्बोधयति?
(ख) कविः वाणी का वादयितुं प्रार्थयति?
(ग) कीदृशीं वीणां निनादायितुं प्राथयति?
(घ) गीति कथं गातुं कथयति?
(ङ) सरसा: रसालाः कदा लसन्ति?
उत्तर:
(क) वाणीम्
(ख) वीणाम्
(ग) नवीनाम्
(घ) मृदुम्
(ङ) वसन्ते

प्रश्न 2.
अधोलिखितानां प्रश्नानामुत्तराणि संस्कृतभाषया लिखत –

(क) कविः वाणी किं कथयति?
(ख) वसन्ते किं भवति?
(ग) सलिलं तव वीणाम् आकर्ण्य कथम् उच्चलेत?
(घ) कविः भगवती भारती कस्याः तीरे मधुमाधवीनां नतां पङ्किम् अवलोक्य वीणां वादयितुं कथयति?
उत्तर:
(क) कविः वाणी वीणां निनादयितुं कथयति।
(ख) वसन्ते मधुरमञ्जरीपिञ्जरी भूतमालाः सरसा: रसाला: लसन्ति एवं ललित कोकिला काकलीनां कलापाः शोभन्ते।
(ग) सलिलं तव वीणाम् आकर्ण्य सलीलम् उच्चलेत्।
(घ) कविः भगवती भारती कलिन्दात्मजायाः (यमुनाया:) सवानीरतीरे मधुमाधवीनां नतां पङ्क्तिम् अवलोक्य वीणां वादयितुं कथयति।

प्रश्न 3.
‘क’ स्तम्भे पदानि, ‘ख’ स्तम्भे तेषां पर्यायपदानि वत्तानि। तानि चित्वा पदानां समक्षे लिखत –
‘क’ स्तम्भः – ‘ख’ स्तम्भः

(क) सरस्वती – (1) तीरे
(ख) आम्रम् – (2) अलीनाम्
(ग) पवनः – (3) समीरः
(घ) तटे – (4) वाणी
(ङ) भ्रमराणाम् – (5) रसाल:
उत्तर:
‘क’ स्तम्भः – ‘ख’ स्तम्भः
(क) सरस्वती – वाणी
(ख) आम्रम् – रसाल:
(ग) पवनः – समीरः
(घ) तटे – तीरे
(ङ) भ्रमराणाम् – अलीनाम्

प्रश्न 4.
अधोलिखितानि पदानि प्रयुज्य संस्कृतभाषया वाक्यरचना कुरुत –

(क) निनादय
(ख) मन्दमन्दम्
(ग) मारुतः
(घ) सलिलम्
(ङ) सुमनः
उत्तर:
पद – वाक्यरचनां
(क) निनादय – हे वाणि! त्वं स्ववीणां निनादय।
(ख) मन्दमन्दम् – तत्र मन्दमन्दम् पवन: वहति।
(ग) मारुतः – पर्वतेषु अहर्निशम् मारुतः प्रवहति।
(घ) सलिलम् – जलस्य पर्यायः सलिलम् अपि भवति।
(ङ) सुमनः – सुमनः धरायाः शृङ्गारः भवति।

प्रश्न 5.
प्रथमश्लोकस्य आशयं हिन्दीभाषया आङ्ग्लभाषया वा लिखतउत्तर: प्रथम श्लोकस्य आशयः
उत्तर:
हिन्दी भाषायाम् – इस समय वसंत ऋतु में मीठी बौरों से सरस अथवा सुशोभित हुई आम के वृक्षों की पंक्तियाँ दिखाई दे रही हैं और उनपर मीठी आवाज़ से युक्त कोयलों के समूह शोभा पा रहे हैं।
English – In the spring season the lines of mango trees decorated with a cluster of sweet buds are visible and enhancing the flight of sweet singing cuckoos sitting among them.

प्रश्न 6.
अधोलिखितपदानां विलोमपदानि लिखत –

(क) कठोराम्
(ख) कटु
(ग) शीघ्रम्
(घ) प्राचीनम्
(ङ) नौरसः
उत्तर:
पदानि – विलोमपदानि
(क) कठोराम् – मृदुम्
(ख) कटु – मधुर
(ग) शीघ्रम् – मन्दमन्दम्
(घ) प्राचीनम् – नवीनम् (नवीनाम्)
(ङ) नीरसः – सरसः

परियोजनाकार्यम्:

पाठेऽस्मिन् वीणायाः चर्चा अस्ति। अन्येषां पञ्चवाद्ययन्त्राणां चित्रं रचयित्वा संकलय्य वा तेषां नामानि लिखत।
उत्तर:

### Class 9 Sanskrit Shemushi Chapter 1 भारतीवसन्तगीतिः Additional Important Questions and Answers

अतिरिक्त कार्यम्

प्रश्न 1.
निम्न श्लोक श्लोक पठित्वा तदाधारिताना प्रश्नानाम् उत्तराणि लिखत

1. निनादय नवीनामये वाणि! वीणाम्
मृदुं गाय गीति ललित-नीति-लीनाम्

(i) एकपदेन उत्तरत (केवलं प्रश्नद्वयमेव)

1. वाणी कीदृशीं वीणां निनादयतु?
2. सा कीदृशीं गीतिं गायतु?
3. का वीणां विनादयतु?

उत्तर:

1. नवीनाम्
2. ललित-नीति-लीनाम्
3. वाणी

(ii) पूर्णवाक्येन उत्तरत (केवलं प्रश्नमेकमेव)

1. अस्मिन् श्लोके कविः वाणी किं कीदृशञ्च गातुं प्रार्थयति?
2. सा काम् निनादयतु?

उत्तर:

1. अस्मिन् श्लोके कविः वाणी ललित-नीति-लीनाम् च गीति मृदु गातुं प्रार्थयति।
2. सा ललित-नीति-लीनाम् विनादयतु।

(iii) भाषिककार्यम् (केवलं प्रश्नत्रयमेव)

1. ‘नवीनाम् वीणाम्’ अनयोः पदयोः विशेषणपदं किम्?
2. ‘निनादय नवीनामये वाणि! वीणाम्।’ अत्र वाक्ये क्रियापद किमस्ति?
3. श्लोके ‘कोमलाम्’ इत्यस्य पदस्य अर्थे कि पदम् आगतम्?
4. श्लोके सम्बोधन पदं किम्?

उत्तर:

1. नवीनाम्
2. निनादय
3. मृदुम्
4. वाणि

2. मधुर-मञ्जरी-पिञ्जरी-भूत-मालाः
वसन्ते लसन्तीह सरसा रसालाः
कलापाः ललित-कोकिला-काकलीनाम्।।

(i) एकपदेन उत्तरत (केवलं प्रश्नद्वयमेव)

1. कदा मधुरमञ्जरी पिञ्जरी भूता?
2. कीदृशाः रसालाः वसन्ते लसन्ति?
3. केषाम् कलापाः वसन्ते लसान्ति?

उत्तर:

1. वसन्ते
2. सरसाः
3. वाणि

(ii) पूर्णवाक्येन उत्तरत (केवलं प्रश्नमेकमेव)

1. वसन्ते कासाम् कलापाः विलसन्ति?
2. कीदृशी ‘मञ्जरी’ पिञ्जरी भूता?

उत्तर:

1. वसन्ते ललित-कोकिला काकलीनां कालापाः विलसन्ति।
2. मधुरा मञ्जरी पिञ्जरी भूता।

(iii) भाषिककार्यम् (केवलं प्रश्नत्रयमेव)

1. ‘सरसा: रसालाः’ अनयोः पदयो : विशेषणपदं किमस्ति?
2. श्लोके ‘लसन्ति’ इति क्रियायाः कर्तृपद किम्?
3. श्लोके ‘अत्र (अस्मिन्)’ पदस्य कः पर्याय: लिखितो वर्तते?
4. श्लोके ‘निरसा’ इत्यस्य पदस्य कः विपर्ययः?

उत्तर:

1. सरसाः
2. रसालाः
3. इह
4. सरसा

3. वहति मन्दमन्दं सनीरे समीरे
कलिन्दात्मजायास्सवानीरतीरे,
नतां पडिमालोक्य मधुमाधवीनाम्।।

(i) एकपदेन उत्तरत (केवलं प्रश्नद्वयमेव)

1. कस्याः तीरे समीर: मन्दमन्दं वहति?
2. कासाम् नतां पङ्क्तिम् वाणी अवलोकयतु?
3. कासाम् नतां पङ्क्ति अवलोकितम् भवेत्?

उत्तर:

1. कलिन्दात्मजायाः
2. मधुमाधवीनाम्
3. मधुमाधवीनाम्।

(ii) पूर्णवाक्येन उत्तरत (केवलं प्रश्नमेकमेव).

1. कुत्र समीरः मन्दमन्दं वहति?
2. कथं सनीर: समीर: वहित?

उत्तर:

1. कलिन्दात्मजायाः सवानीरतीरे समीरः मन्दमन्द वहति।
2. मन्दमन्दं सनीर: समीरः वहित।

(iii) भाषिककार्यम् (केवलं प्रश्नत्रयमेव)

1. ‘यमुनायाः’ इत्यस्य पदस्य अर्थे कि पदं श्लोके अत्र आगतम्?
2. श्लोके ‘दृष्ट्वा’ पदस्य कः पर्यायः आगतः?
3. ‘नतां पङ्क्तिम्’ अनयोः पदयोः विशेषणपदं किम्?
4. ‘वहति मन्द मन्दं सनीरे समीरे’ अत्र क्रियापदं किम्?

उत्तर:

1. कलिन्दात्मजायाः
2. आलोक्य
3. नताम्
4. वहित्

4. ललित-पल्लवे पादपे पुष्पपुञ्जे
मलयमारुतोच्चुम्बिते मञ्जुकुने,
स्वनन्तीन्ततिम्प्रेक्ष्य मलिनामलीनाम्

(i) एकपदेन उत्तरत (केवलं प्रश्नद्वयमेव)

1. अलीनां कीदृशीम् तति प्रेक्ष्य वाणी नवीनां वीणां निनादयतु?
2. अत्र श्लोके पल्लवाः कीदृशाः वर्णिताः सन्ति?

उत्तर:

1. मलिनाम्
2. ललिताः

(ii) पूर्णवाक्येन उत्तरत (केवलं प्रश्नमेकमेव)

कुत्र स्वनन्तीम् अलीनां मलिनां ततिं वाणी प्रेक्षयतु?
उत्तर:
ललित-पल्लवे पादपे पुष्पपुजे मञ्जुकुजे मलय-मारुतोच्चुम्बिते स्वनन्तीम् अलीनां मालिनां ततिं वाणी प्रेक्षयतु।

(iii) भाषिककार्यम् (केवलं प्रश्नत्रयमेव)

1. अलीनाम् मलिनाम्’ अनयोः पदयोः विशेषणं किम्?
2. श्लोके ‘वृक्षे’ इत्यस्य पदस्य कः पर्यायः आगतः?
3. अत्र श्लोके ‘दृष्ट्वा ‘ पदस्य अर्थ किं पदम् आगतम्?

उत्तर:

1. मलिनाम्
2. पादपे
3. प्रेक्ष्य

5. लतानां नितान्तं सुमं शान्तिशीलम्
चलेदुच्छलेत्कान्तसलिलं सलीलम्,
तवाकये वीणामदीनां नदीनाम्।।

(i) एकपदेन उत्तरत

1. वाण्याः वीणा कीदृशी अस्ति?
2. नदीनां सलिलं कीदृशम् अत्र वर्णितम्?

उत्तर:

1. अदीना
2. कान्तम्

(ii) पूर्णवाक्येन उत्तरत लतानां कीदृशं सुमं चले?
उत्तर:
लतानां नितान्तं शान्तिशीलं सुमं चलेत्।

(iii) भाषिककार्यम्

1. ‘सुमनः’ इत्यस्य पदस्य कः पर्यायः अत्र आगतः?
2. श्लोके ‘उच्छलेत्’ इति क्रियापदस्य कर्तृपदं किमस्ति?
3. अत्र श्लोके ‘सुमम्’ इति कर्तृपदस्य क्रियापदं किम्?

उत्तर:

1. सुमम्
2. कान्तसलिलम्
3.  चलेत्

प्रश्न 2.
अन्वय लेखनम्

1. निनादयं नवीनामये वाणि! वीणाम्
मृदुं गाय गीति ललित-नीति-लीनाम्
अन्वयः-

1. ………….. वाणि! नवीनां
2. ………….. निनादय।
3. ………….. गीति
4. ……….. गाय।

मञ्जूषा – ललितनीतिलीनाम्, मृदुम्, अये, वीणाम्।
उत्तर:

1. अये
2. वीणाम्
3. ललितनीतिलीनाम्
4. मृदुम्

2. मधुर-मञ्जरी-पिञ्जरी-भूत-मालाः
वसन्ते लसन्तीह सरसा रसाला:
कलापाः ललित-कोकिला-काकलीनाम्
अन्वयः- इह

1. …….. मधुरमञ्जरीपिञ्जरी
2. ……… सरसाः रसाला:
3. ……… ललित
4. …..काकलीनां कलापाः (विलसन्ति)

मञ्जूषा – कोकिला भूतमालाः वसन्ते लसन्ति। ।
उत्तर:

1. वसन्ते
2. भूतमाला:
3. लसन्ति
4. कोकिला

3. वहति मन्दमन्दं सनीरे समीरे
कलिन्दात्मजायास्सवानीरतीरे,
नता पङ्किमालोक्य मधुमाधवीनाम्
अन्वयः-कलिन्दात्मजायाः

1. ……….. सनीरे समीरे
2. …… वहति
3. …… नतां पक्तिम्
4. ……. ।

(अये वाणि! नवीनां वीणां निनादय।)
मञ्जूषा – आलोक्य, सवानीरतीरे, मधुमाधवीनां, मन्दमन्दं ।
उत्तर:

1. सवानीरतीरे
2. मन्दमन्दं
3. मधुमाधवीनां
4. आलोक्य

4. ललित-पल्लवे पादपे पुष्पपुञ्ज
मलयमारुतोच्चुम्बिते मञ्जुकुञ्ज,
स्वनन्तीन्ततिम्प्रेक्ष्य मलिनामलीनाम्
अन्वयः- ललितपल्लवे

1. …… पुष्पपुजे मजकुञ्ज
2. ……… मारुतोच्चुम्बिते
3. ……… अलीना मलिनां
4. ……… प्रेक्ष्य

(अये वाणि! नवीनां वीणां निनादय।)
मञ्जूषा – मलय, तति, पादपे, स्वनन्तीम् ।
उत्तर:

1. पादपे
2. मलय
3. स्वनन्तीम्
4. ततिं

5. लताना नितान्तं सुमं शान्तिशीलम्
चलेदुच्छलेत्कान्तसलिल सलीलम्,
तवाकर्ण्य वीणामदीनां नदीनाम्
अन्वयः- तव अदीनाम्

1. ……… आकर्ण्य लतानां नितान्तं
2. …… सुमं चलेत् नदीना
3. ……… सलीलम्
4. …….. ।

मञ्जूषा – उच्छलेत् वीणाम् शान्तिशीलं कान्तसलिलम्
उत्तर:

1. वीणाम्
2. शान्तिशील
3. कान्तसलिलम्
4. उच्छलेत्

प्रश्न 3.
निम्न श्लोकानि पठित्वा भावलेखनम् कुरुत –

1. निनादय नवीनामये वाणि! वीणाम्
मृदुं गाय गीति ललित-नीति-लीनाम्।
मधुर-मञ्जरी-पिञ्जरी-भूत-माला:
वसन्ते लसन्तीह सरसा रसालाः
कलापाः ललित-कोकिला-काकलीनाम्
अस्य भावोऽस्ति- हे सरस्वति देवि! अस्मिन्

1. …….. मधुर मञ्जरीणिः पीताः आम्र वृक्षाणां
2. ……… शोभिन्ताः भवन्ति। सहैव मनोहराणां
3. ……… शोभायुक्ताः कोकिलसमूहाः अपि शोभन्ते। अत: हे वाणि शारदे! त्वं ललितनीतिलीनां
4.  ……… मृदु गाय नवीनां वीणां च निनादय।

मञ्जूषा – काकलीना, वसन्ते, गीति, मालाः ।।
उत्तर:

1. वसन्ते
2. मालाः
3. काकलीनां
4. गीति।

2. कलिन्दात्मजायास्सवानीरतीरे,
नतां पङ्किमालोक्य मधुमाधवीनाम्
अस्य श्लोकस्य भावोऽस्ति-यमुनायाः सवानीरे तटे

1. …….. पूरिते वार्यों
2. …….. वहति सति पुष्पैः नता
3. ……… पङ्क्तिम् दृष्ट्वा हे वाणि शारदे! त्वं नवीनां
4. ……… निनादय।

मञ्जूषा – वीणा, जलबिन्दुभिः, मधुमाधवीनाम्, मन्दं मन्दं ।
उत्तर:

1. जलबिन्दुभिः
2. मन्दं मन्दं
3. मधुमाधवीनाम्
4. वीणां।

3. ललित-पल्लवे पादपे पुष्पपुञ्जे
मलयमारुतोच्चुम्बिते मञ्जुकुञ्जे,
स्वनन्तीन्ततिम्प्रेक्ष्य मलिनामलीनाम्

अस्य श्लोकस्य भावोऽस्ति-यत् मलयपर्वतात् आगतैः पवनैः चुम्बितेषु

1. …….. वृक्षेषु, पुष्प पुजेषु एवं
2. …….. कृष्णभ्रमराणां
3. ……… पऽक्ती: दृष्ट्वा हे
4. …….. शारदे त्वं नवीनां वीणां निनादय।

मञ्जूषा – ललितपल्लवानां, गुञ्जायमानाः, वाणि, सुन्दरकुञ्जेषु ।
उत्तर:

1. ललितपल्लवाना
2. सुन्दरकुञ्जेषु
3. गुञ्जायमानाः
4. वाणि।

लतानां नितान्तं सुमं शान्तिशीलम्
चलेदुच्छलेत्कान्तसलिलं सलीलम्,
तवाकर्ण्य वीणामदीनां नदीनाम्।।

अस्य श्लोकस्य भावोऽस्ति – हे सरस्वति मातः! तव

1. ……. वीणानादं श्रुत्वा लतानां
2. ……… शान्तिशील
3. ……… नदीनाञ्च मनोहर
4.  ……… अपि उच्छलेत।

अतः हे वाणि शारदे! त्वं नवीनां वादय।
मञ्जूषा – कम्पेत् (चलेत्), जलम्, ओजपूर्ण, नितान्तं ।
उत्तर:

1. ओजपूर्ण
2. नितान्तं
3. कम्पेत् (चलेत्)
4. जलम्।

प्रश्न 4.
निम्नवाक्येषु रेखाङ्कित पदानाम् स्थानेषु प्रश्नवाचक पद लिखत –

प्रश्न 1.
अये वाणि! नवीनां वीणाम् (त्वं) निनादय।
(क) कम्
(ख) काम्
(ग) कीदृशी
(घ) कीदृशीम्
उत्तर:
(घ) कीदृशीम्

प्रश्न 2.
ललितनीतिलीना गीति मृदु गाय।
(क) कम्
(ख) कथम्
(ग) कीदृशम्
(घ) काम्
उत्तर:
(ख) कथम्

प्रश्न 3.
इह वसन्ते सरसाः रसाला: लसन्ति।
(क) कदा
(ख) कुत्र
(ग) कति
(घ) के
उत्तर:
(क) कदा

प्रश्न 4.
वसन्ते इह मधुर मञ्जरी पिञ्जरी भूतमालाः रसालाः लसन्ति।
(क) कुत्र
(ख) कदा
(ग) के
(घ) किम्
उत्तर:
(क) कुत्र

प्रश्न 5.
वसन्ते सरसाः रसालाः लसन्ति।
(क) काः
(ख) कदा
(ग) के
(घ) कीदृशाः
उत्तर:
(ग) के

प्रश्न 6.
ललित कोकिला काकलीनाम् कलापाः बिलसन्ति।
(क) काः
(ख) के
(ग) कति
(घ) कथम्
उत्तर:
(ख) के

प्रश्न 7.
कलिन्दात्मजायाः तीरे समीर: वहति।
(क) काम्
(ख) के
(ग) कस्याः
(घ) काः
उत्तर:
(ग) कस्याः

प्रश्न 8.
कलिन्दात्मजायाः सवानीरतीरे सनीरः समीर: वहति।
(क) कुत्र
(ख) कथम्
(ग) कम्
(घ) कम्
उत्तर:
(क) कुत्र

प्रश्न 9.
सनीरः समीर: मन्दमन्दं वहति।
(क) काः
(ख) कथम्
(ग) कति
(घ) कदा
उत्तर:
(ख) कथम्

प्रश्न 10.
कलिन्दात्मजायाः तीरे सनीरे समीरे वहति (सति) मधुमपवीनां पङ्क्तिमः दृश्यते।
(क) कीदृशाः
(ख) कस्मिन्
(ग) कुत्र
(घ) के
उत्तर:
(ख) कस्मिन्

प्रश्न 11.
मलिनाम् अलीना ततिम् प्रेक्ष्य वाणि। नवीना वीणां निनादय।
(क) कासाम्
(ख) कम्
(ग) कीदृशीम्
(घ) काः
उत्तर:
(क) कासाम्

प्रश्न 12.
मलिनाम् अलीनां स्वनन्तीम् ततिम् पश्य।
(क) कीदृशीम्
(ख) कम्
(ग) काम्
(घ) काः
उत्तर:
(क) कीदृशीम्

प्रश्न 13.
लतानां नितान्तं शान्तिशीलम् सुमं चलेत्।
(क) कुत्र
(ख) किम्
(ग) कीदृशम्
(घ) काः
उत्तर:
(ग) कीदृशम्

प्रश्न 14.
लतानां नितान्तं शान्तिशीलम् सुमं चलेत्।।
(क) कासाम्
(ख) कीदृशी
(ग) के
(घ) काः
उत्तर:
(क) कासाम्

प्रश्न 15.
तव अदीनां वीणाम् आकर्ण्य सुमं चलेत्।
(क) कथम्
(ख) कुत्र
(ग) काम्
(घ) कति
उत्तर:
(ग) काम्

प्रश्न 16.
नदीनाम् कान्त सलिलम् सलीलम् उच्छलेत्।
(क) कथम्
(ख) कति
(ग) कदा
(घ) कति
उत्तर:
(क) कथम्

प्रश्न 17.
ललितपल्लवे पादपे मलिनां अलीनां स्वतन्तींततिं पश्यत।
(क) कुत्र
(ख) कीदृशे
(ग) किम्
(घ) कति
उत्तर:
(ख) कीदृशे

प्रश्न 5.
समुचितानि पर्यायपदानि मेलनं कुरुत –

पदानि – अर्थाः
1. वाणि – अतीव
2. समीरे – दृष्ट्वा
3. ततिम् – शान्तस्वभावम्
4. अलीनाम् – वायौ
5. नवीनाम् – शोभन्ते
6. सनीरे – गुञ्जायमानाम्
7. लसन्ति – सुन्दरपत्रयुक्ते
8. पादपे – हे सरस्वति
9. स्वनन्तीम् – ओजस्विनीम्
10. प्रेक्ष्य – नूतनाम्
11. ललितपल्लवे – वृक्षे
12. अदीनाम् – पुष्पम्
13. नितान्तम् – पङ्क्तिम्
14. सुमम् – जलयुक्ते
15. शान्तिशीलम् – भ्रमराणाम
उत्तर:
1. हे सरस्वति
2. वायौ
3. पङ्क्तिम्
4. भ्रमराणाम्
5. नूतनाम्
6. जलयुक्ते
7. शोभन्ते
8. वृक्षे
9. गुञ्जायमानाम्
10. दृष्ट्वा
11. मनोहरपत्रयुक्ते
12. ओजस्विनीम्
13. अतीव
14. पुष्पम्
15. शान्तस्वभावम्

प्रश्न 6.
निम्न ‘क’ वर्गीय पदायं ‘ख’ वर्गीय पदेषु विपर्यायपदानि चीयताम्।

‘क’ पदानि – ‘ख’ विपर्यायपदानि
1. मृदु – कष्टकम्
2. सरसाः – कोलाहल:
3. सुमम् – स्वच्छ
4. शान्तिः – कटुका:
5. मलिनाम् – कठोरं
उत्तर:
1.  – कठोरं
2. – कटुकाः
3. – कष्टकम्
4. – कोलाहलः
5. – स्वच्छ