NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Honeydew Poem Chapter 2 Geography Lesson are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Honeydew (Poem) Chapter 2 Geography Lesson.
|Subject||English Honeydew (Poem)|
|Chapter Name||Geography Lesson|
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Honeydew (Poem) Chapter 2 Geography Lesson
STANZAS FOR COMPREHENSION
I. When the jet sprang into the sky,
it was clear why the city
had developed the way it had,
seeing it scaled six inches to the mile. (Page 34)
हिंदी अनुवाद- जब जेट प्लेन तेज़ी से आसमान में उठा, कवि ने अपने नीचे की ओर देखा। वह समझ गया कि नगर क्यों बेतरतीव ढंग से विकसित हुआ था। उसे शहर बहुत छोटा लग रहा था। एक मील छः इंच के बराबर नज़र आता था।
Paraphrase. When the jet rose fast into the sky, the poet saw below him. He could understand why the city had grown into haphazard way. He saw the city look small. A mile of the ground looked as small as six inches.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The “jet’ in the passage refers to :
(a) jet black
(b) jet engine
(c) jet liner
(d) jet stream.
2. The poet realised why
(a) he was in the sky
(b) the city had developed
(c) there were new ways in the city
(d) the city had taken the shape it had.
3. The city appeared from the sky
(a) very big
(b) very small
(c) very wide
(d) very beautiful.
4. The word ‘scaled’ in the passage means :
(d) like a scale.
1. (c) jet liner
2. (d) the city had taken the shape it had
3. (b) very small
4. (a) measured
II. There seemed an inevitability
about what on ground had looked haphazard,
unplanned and without style
When the jet sprang into the sky. (Page 34)
Paraphrase. The jet went up into the sky. Looking below, one could see the inevitable way in which the city had developed. It certainly had a logic. On the earth it seemed ugly and without a method.
1. What did the poet see from the jet ?
2. What seemed inevitable ?
3. Why is logic not seen on the earth ?
1. From the jet the poet saw how his city had developed.
2. The way the city had developed seemed inevitable.
3. On the earth one cannot have the whole view. One can see only a part at a time. So the logic of geography is not seen on the earth.
III. When the jet reached ten thousand feet,
it was clear why the country
had cities where the rivers ran
and why the valleys were populated. (Page 34)
हिंदी अनुवाद-जेट-प्लेन आकाश में और ऊँचा दस हज़ार फीट तक गया। वहाँ से नीचे देश की ओर देखकर यह स्पष्ट रूप से समझा जा सकता था कि देश के नगर नदियों के किनारे क्यों विकसित हुए थे। ऐसा स्वाभाविक था क्योंकि मनुष्यों को जल की आवश्यकता होती है। उसी प्रकार उस ऊँचाई से कवि देख सका कि घाटियों में क्यों लोग बस गए थे।
Paraphrase. The jet plane went higher upto ten thousand feet in the sky. Looking below at the country, one could clearly see why the cities in the country had developed along the rivers. It was natural because people need water. In the same way from that height the poet could see why people had settled in valleys.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. From the height of ten thousand feet the poet was observing
(a) his city
(b) his country
(c) the earth
(d) the sky
2. The cities are developed
(a) in the open space
(b) on the hill-side
(c) by the river-side
(d) in the deserts.
3. The valleys are populated because
(a) the climate is good
(b) people love the hills
(c) the life is safe there
(d) the water is easily available.
4. The word ‘valley’ means the same as
1. (b) his country
2. (c) by the river-side
3. (d) the water is easily available
4. (a) vale
IV. The logic of geography,
that land and water attracted man
was clearly delineated
When the jet reached ten thousand feet. (Page 34)
हिंदी अनुवाद-जेट प्लेन में बैठकर 10 हजार फुट की ऊँचाई से कवि ने देश को देखा। उसे भूगोल के तर्क समझ आए। वह समझ गया कि लोग वहाँ जाकर बसे जहाँ भूमि और जल सहज उपलब्ध थे। यह पाठ स्पष्ट लिखा दिखाई देता था।
Paraphrase. From the height of ten thousand feet in the jet plane the poet observed the country. He understood the contentions of geography. It was that people settled where land and water were easily available. This lesson seemed clearly written.
1. What did the poet see from the height of ten thousand feet?
2. Where did man settle ?
3. Name the poet.
4. What does the word ‘delineated’ mean?
1. From the height of ten thousand feet man saw the logic of geography.
2. Man settled on the land which was close to the water.
3. The poet is “Zulfikar Ghose’.
4. The word ‘delineated’ means ‘drawn’.
V. When the jet rose six miles high,
it was clear the earth was round
and that it had more sea than land.
But it was difficult to understand (Pages 34–35)
हिंदी अनुवाद- कवि का जेट प्लेन आकाश में और ऊँचा उठा। यह ज़मीन से 6 मील ऊपर उठ गया। अब पृथ्वी गोल दिखाई देती थी जैसा कि उसने भूगोल में पढ़ा था। यह भी दिखाई दिया कि जल पृथ्वी के अधिक भाग को आच्छादित किए है। अतः समुद्र का क्षेत्रफल भूमि से अधिक था। पर कुछ ऐसा था जिसे वह समझ नहीं पाता था।
Paraphrase. The poet’s jet plane went higher into the sky. It rose six miles up the ground. Now the earth seemed round as he had learnt in geography. It was also shown that water covers the better part of the earth. So sea had an area larger than the land. However, there was something which he could not understand.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The passage has been taken from :
(a) Geography Lesson
(b) The Ant and the Cricket
(c) The Last Bargains
(d) Macavity : The Mystery Cat.
2. From that height the poet saw that
(a) the earth is full of people
(b) the earth has hills and deserts
(c) the earth has much water
(d) the earth has much land.
3. From the height of the jet, the earth looked
4. The noun form of ‘difficult is
1. (a) Geography Lesson
2. (c) the earth has much water
3. (b) round
4. (d) difficulty
VI. that the men on the earth found
causes to hate each other, to build
walls across cities and to kill.
From that height, it was not clear why. (Page 35)
हिंदी अनुवाद-ऊपर आसमान में पहुँच कर कवि को भूगोल की बातें समझ आ गयीं। पर वह मानव की आपसी घृणा को नहीं समझ सका। वह नहीं समझ पाया कि क्यों उन्होंने एक-दूसरे से अलग रहने का निश्चय किया है। क्यों लोग एक-दूसरे को मारना चाहते हैं ? उस ऊँचाई पर यह एक ऐसी उलझन थी जिसे कवि सुलझा नहीं पाता था।
Paraphrase. From high in the sky, the poet understood logic of geography. However, he could not understand the logic of human hatred for each other. He could not understand why they have decided to live separately. Why are there walls across the cities ? Why do people want to kill each other ? It was one puzzle which the poet could not answer from that height.
1. What did the poet understand from ‘that height?
2. What did he not understand ?
3. What does the phrase ‘building walls’ mean?
4. Give the adjective form of ‘heighť.
1. From that height, the poet could understand how the cities developed.
2. The poet could not understand why people on the earth quarrelled. He could also not understand why they separate themselves from their fellow beings.
3. The phrase ‘building walls’ indicates man’s desire to segregate.
WORKING WITH THE POEM (Page 35)
Find three or four phrases in stanzas one and two which are likely to occur in a geography lesson.
The following phrases are likely to occur in a geography lesson :
(a) scaled six inches to the mile (stanza 1)
(b) why valleys were populated (stanza 2)
(c) land and water attracted man (stanza 2)
(d) clearly delineated (stanza 2)
Seen from the window of an aeroplane, the city appears
(i) as haphazard as on ground.
(ii) as neat as a map.
(iii) as developed as necessary.
Mark the right answer.
(iii) as developed as necessary
Which of the following statements are examples of “the logic of geography.”
(i) There are cities where there are rivers.
(ii) Cities appear as they are not from six miles above the ground.
(iii) It is easy to understand why valleys are populated.
(iv) It is difficult to understand why humans hate and kill one another.
(v) The earth is round, and it has more sea than land.
(i), (iii), and (v) are the correct statements.
Mention two things that are
(i) clear from the height.
(ii) not clear from the height.
(i) The earth is round and that it has more sea than land. These two things are clear from the height.
(ii) Men hate each other and build walls across the cities to kill each other. It is not clear why they do so.
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