Confronting Marginalisation Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 Extra Questions and Answers Social Science CBSE Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 8 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 8 Social Science SST Civics Chapter 8 Confronting Marginalisation.
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Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 Extra Questions and Answers Confronting Marginalisation
Confronting Marginalisation Class 8 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 8 Very Short Answers Type
Define the term linguist.
Linguist is someone who knows and studies several languages.
What was main aim behind establishing Hindu College in Benaras in 1791?
Hindu College was established to encourage the study of ancient Sanskrit texts that would be useful for the administration of the country.
What is meant by an Orientalist?
Orientalists were those who were having scholarly knowledge of the language and culture of Asia.
How did Thomas Babington Macaulay see India?
He saw India as an uncivilized country that needed to be civilized.
Why was the English Education Act introduced and in which year?
Following Macaulay’s minute, the English Education Act of 1835 was introduced.
Who toured the districts of Bengal and Bihar in 1830’s?
In 1830’s William Adam, a Scottish missionary toured the districts of Bengal and Bihar.
When did the Company decide about improving the system of vernacular education?
After 1854, the Company decided to improve the system of vernacular education.
Name the institution established by Rabindranath Tagore.
‘Santiniketan’ was established by Rabindranath Tagore in 1901.
Who was William John.
William Jones was appointed as Junior Judge at the supreme court of company.
Which languages were learnt by William Jones?
Greek, Latin, French and English.
By whom was the Asiatic society of Bengal was setup?
By William Jones.
From whom did William Johns learnt Sanskrit language?
In which year was Madarsa setup in Calcutta?
When was the Hindu college Benaras was established?
Who emphasized on teaching of English language in manner of civilizing, changing the taste values and cultures of the Indians?
When was the English Education act introduced?
Who was William Carey.
William Carey was a Scottish missionary.
Confronting Marginalisation Class 8 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 8 Short Answers Type
In what sense does Gandhiji and Tagore’s thoughts were similar and different about western education?
In many senses Tagore’s and Gandhiji’s thoughts about western education were similar. There were several differences too. Gandhiji was highly critical of western education, civilization and its worship of machines and technology. But Tagore wanted to combine elements of modern western civilisation with the best within Indian tradition. Tagore emphasized on the needs to teach science and technology along with art, music and dance.
Why did Tagore hate going to school in his school days?
He found school suffocating and oppressive. The school appeared like a prison to him as he could never do what he felt like doing. And the experience of Tagore’s school days in Calcutta shook his ideas of education. These were reasons why he hated going to school in his school days.
What did Mahatma Gandhi say about western education?
Mahatma Gandhi said that western education focused on reading and writing rather than oral knowledge. It valued textbooks rather than practical knowledge. He argued that education ought to develop a person’s mind and soul. Literacy or simple learning to read and write by itself did not count as education.
What consequences were there of the new rules and routine over the earlier pathshala students who accepted the British rules?
In the earlier system of Pathshala, students from poor peasant families had been able to go to pathshalas as the timetable was flexible before adoption of rules of the British government. The discipline of the new system demanded regular attendance, even during harvest time when children of poor families had to work in the fields. Inability to attend school came to be seen as indiscipline, as evidence of the lack of desire to learn.
What did James Mill declare while attacking the orientalists?
James Mill attacked the orientalists and declared that the British should not make efforts to teach what the natives wanted or respected, in order to please them. The aim of education ought to be to teach what was useful and practical. So Indians should be made familiar with the scientific and technical advancements that the west had made, rather than with the poetry and sacred literature of the orientals.
Confronting Marginalisation Class 8 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 8 Long Answers Type
In view of Mahatma Gandhi why was practical knowledge very much essential for development of person’s mind and soul?
Mahatma Gandhi believed that western education focused on reading and writing rather than lived experiences and practical knowledge. He argued that education ought to develop a person’s mind and soul. Literacy – or simply learning to read and write by itself did not count as education.
People had to work with their hands, learn a craft, and know-how different things operated. This would develop their mind and their capacity to understand. This is why Mahatma Gandhi believed that practical knowledge was very much essential for development of person’s mind and soul.
Explain the William Adam’s report produced on the progress of education in vernacular schools.
William Adam had been asked by the Company to report on the progress of education in vernacular schools. The report Adam produced was interesting.
Adam found that there were over 1 lakh pathshalas in Bengal and Bihar. These were small institutions with no more than 20 students each. But the total number of children being taught in these pathshalas was considerable over 20 lakh. These institutions were set up by wealthy people, or the local community. At times they were started by a teacher (guru).
The system of education was flexible. Adam discovered that this flexible system was suited to local needs. For instance, classes were not held during harvest time when rural children often worked in the fields. The pathshala started once again when the crops had been cut and stored. This meant that even children of peasant families could study.
Explain Wood’s Despatch. What was mentioned in its provision?
In 1854, the Court of Directors of the East India Company in London sent an educational despatch to the Governor-General in India, issued by Charles Wood, the president of the Board of Control of the Company. It has come to be known as Wood’s Despatch.
- It emphasized once again on the practical benefits of system of European learning.
- One of the practical uses the Despatch pointed to was economic European learning.
- It said, it would enable Indians to recognize the advantages that flow from the expansion of trade and commerce.
- Wood’s Despatch argued that European learning would improve the moral character of Indians.
- It would make them truthful and honest and would supply the Company with civil servants who could be trusted and depended upon.
- The literature of East was believed to be full of errors and also couldn’t instill in the people a sense of duty and a commitment to work nor could it develop the skill required for administration.
Picture Based Questions Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 Confronting Marginalisation
Look at the picture given below and answer the following questions:
1. Who was Henry Thomas Cookbook?
2. Whom does the monument belong to?
3. Along with whom is Mahatma Gandhi sitting with.
4. What does the picture show?
- He was a scholar of Sanskrit and ancient sacred writings of Hinduism.
- Monument belongs to Warren Hastings.
- He is sitting with Kasturba Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore.
- The picture shows a class in progress in Santiniketan in the 1930s.