Devotional Paths to the Divine Class 7 History Chapter 8 Extra Questions and Answers Social Science CBSE Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 7 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 7 Social Science SST History Chapter 8 Devotional Paths to the Divine.
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Class 7 History Chapter 8 Extra Questions and Answers Devotional Paths to the Divine
Devotional Paths to the Divine Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 8 Very Short Answers Type
How did the people worship their deity?
People performed various kinds of bhakti and rituals of worship or singing bhajans, kirtans or qawwalis or even repeating the name of God in silence.
Why did the people turn towards teaching of Buddha and Jainas? ‘
Many people turned to the teachings of the Buddha or the Jainas according to which it was possible to overcome social differences and break the cycle of rebirth through personal effort.
Which ideas were advocated in the Bhagavadgita?
There was an idea of a Supreme God who could deliver humans from such bondage if approached with devotion (or bhakti). This idea, advocated in the Bhagavadgita, grew in popularity.
What is hagiography?
Hagiography is the writing of saints’ lives.
What was the contribution of the Cholas and the Pandyas king in making links between the bhakti tradition and temple worship?
The Chola and the Pandya kings built huge temples around many of the shrines visited by the saint – poets, strengthening the links between the bhakti tradition and temple worship.
What did Nathpanthis, Siddacharas and Yogis advocate for getting salvation?
To achieve the salvation they advocated intense training of the mind and body through practices like yogasanas, breathing exercises and meditation.
What do you understand about dargah?
Dargah is a place where the body of a Sufi saint is cremated. This became a place of pilgrimage where thousands of people of all faiths thronged.
Where did bhakti movement rise?
Bhakti movement rose in North India.
What was the unique feature of most of the saints?
The unique feature of most of the saints is that their works were composed in regional languages and could be sung. These transmitted orally by most deprived communities and women.
What did Tulsidas conceive?
Tulsidas conceived of God in the form of Rama. He composed Ramcharitmanas which is a world-famous epic and is important both as an expression of his devotion and as a literary work.
Who was Surdas?
Surdas was an ardent devotee of Krishna. He wrote many Chhanda and Dohas which have been compiled in the form of Sursagara, Sahitya Lahari and Surasaravali etc.
Devotional Paths to the Divine Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 8 Short Answers Type
Which was the widely accepted idea?
The idea that all living things pass through countless cycles of birth and rebirth performing good deeds and bad came to be widely accepted. The belief that social privileges came from birth in a ‘noble’ family or a “high’ caste was the subject of many learned texts.
Who was Shankara and what was his thought?
One of the most influential philosophers of India Shankara was bom in Kerala in the 8th century. He was an advocate of Advaita or the doctrine of the oneness of the individual soul and the Supreme God which is the Ultimate Reality. He taught that Brahman, the only or Ultimate Reality, was formless and without any attributes.
Who was Ramanuja? Describe.
Ramanuja, bom in Tamil Nadu in the 11th century, was deeply influenced by the Alvars. Intense devotion to Vishnu was means of attaining salvation. He followed doctrine of Vishishtadvaita. His doctrine greatly inspired the new strand of bhakti which developed in north India subsequently.
What do you understand about Virashaiva movement?
Virashaiva movement was initiated by Basavanna and his companions Allama Prabhu and Akkamahadevi in Karnataka in mid-12th century. They argued strongly for equality of all human beings, opposed Brahmanical ideas on caste and treatment of women. They were also against all forms of ritual and idol worship.
Who were Sufis? What did Sufis believe in?
Sufis were Muslim mystics. They rejected outward religiosity and emphasized love and devotion to God and compassion towards all fellow human beings. Islam emphasizes monotheism (one God). It rejected idol worship and highlights into collective prayers. Sufis composed poems expressing their feelings and a rich literature in prose, including anecdotes and fables, developed around them.
Give the name of some Sufis.
Ghazzali, Rumi and Sadi were the great Sufis in central Asia and in India there were Khwaja Muinuddin Chisti of Ajmer, Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki of Delhi, Baba Farid of Punjab, Khwaja Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi and Bandanawaz Gisudaraz of Gulbarga.
Describe, the main pillars of Islam.
Main pillars of Islam are as under:
- Belief in one God and Muhammad as his prophet;
- Essential to perform five times Namaz;
- Give charity (Zakat) to the poor people (2.5% of the savings);
- Those who have wealth, should go to Haj atleast once in the life;
- Fasting in the month of Ramadan (Arabic month) for those who are healthy.
Devotional Paths to the Divine Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 8 Long Answers Type
Who wore Nayanars and Alvars?
New religious movements, led by the Nayanars (saints devoted to Shiva) and Alvars (devoted to Vishnu) emerged between 7th to 9th centuries. Saints and followers of these religious movements had all castes including untouchable like the Pulaiyar and the Panars.
The Nayanars and Alvars went from place to place composing exquisite poems in praise of the deities enshrined in the villages they visited, and set them to music. There were 63 Nayanars, who belonged to different caste backgrounds such as potters, untouchable workers, peasants, hunters, soldiers, Brahmanas and chiefs. The best known among them were Appar, Sambandar, Sundarar and Manikkavasagar. There are two sets of compilations of their songs-Tevaram and Tiruvacakam.
There were 12 Alvars, who came from equally divergent backgrounds, the best known being Periyalvar, his daughter Andal. Tondaradippodi Alvar and Nammalvar. Their songs were compiled in the Divya Prabandham.
Give the names of saints of Maharashtra. What were their thoughts?
Jnaneshwar, Namdev, Eknath, Tukaram, Sakhubai and the family of Chokhamela focused on the bhakti of Vitthala (a form of Vishnu). All these were saints of Maharashtra. They rejected all forms of ritualism, outward display of piety and social differences based on birth. Some saints belonged to lower:castes. The idea of renunciation was rejected and they preferred to live with their families.
Give names of some important saints of the bhakti movement. Describe any two of saints.
Important saints of the bhakti movement are Kabir, Surdas, Tulsidas, Dadu Dayal, Ravidas, Mirabai, Baba Guru Nanak etc.
Kabir: Kabir was brought up in a family of Muslim julahas or weavers near the city of Benares. His ideas are found in the form of sakhis and pads. Kabir’s verses are also in the Guru Granth Sahib, Panch Vani and Bijak which is collection of Kabir’s verses.
Kabir’s teachings openly ridiculed all forms of ; external worship of both Brahmanical Hinduism and Islam, the pre-eminence of the priestly classes and the caste system. The language of his poetry was a form of spoken Hindi widely understood by ordinary people.
Baba Guru Nanak: Baba Guru Nanak bom at Talwandi (presently in Pakistan). He established a centre at Kartarpur (Dera Baba Nanak) on the bank of river Ravi. The sacred space thus created by Baba Gum Nanak was known as dharmsal. It is now known as Gurdwara.
Gum Angad compiled the compositions of Baba Gum Nanak, to which he added his own in a new script known as Gurmukhi. The three successors of Gum Angad also wrote under the name of “Nanak” and all of their compositions were compiled by Gum Aijan in 1604. Later, this holy scripture of the Sikhs called as Gum Granth Sahib. This was authenticated by Gum Gobind Singh.
Map-Based Questions Class 7 History Chapter 8 Devotional Paths to the Divine
In the map of India represent places related to the following saints:
- Guru Nanak
- Dadu and Mirabai
- Eknath, Tukaram
- Ramanuja, Nammalvar
- Basavanna, Ramdas, Purandaradasa
- Surdas, Tulsidas, Kabir, Raidas
- Narsi Mehta
- Presently Pakistan
- Tamil Nadu
- Andhra Pradesh
- Uttar Pradesh