How the State Government Works Class 7 Civics Chapter 3 Extra Questions and Answers Social Science CBSE Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 7 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 7 Social Science SST Civics Chapter 3 How the State Government Works.
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Class 7 Civics Chapter 3 Extra Questions and Answers How the State Government Works
How the State Government Works Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 3 Very Short Answers Type
At how many levels does the government work?
Government works at three levels-local, state and national.
Who represents the people of an area?
MLA of the area represents the people.
Who elects the MLAs?
MLA (Member of the Legislative Assembly)is elected by the people of constituency.
On which level are Legislative Assemblies formed?
Legislative Assemblies are formed at State level.
What do you understand about independent candidate?
Independent candidates are those who contest election without support of any party.
What is meant by party candidate?
Party candidates are those who contest in the elections by the parties on their symbol.
What does majority means?
A political party whose MLAs win more than half the number of constituencies in a state can be said to be in a majority.
What do you understand about ruling party?
Ruling party is that which makes the government.
How do Chief Minister and ministers get elected?
The MLAs belonging to the ruling party elect their leader who becomes the chief minister. The chief minister then selects other people as ministers.
Who approve the decision of the Legislative Assembly?
The decisions taken in the Legislative Assembly have to be approved by the members of the Legislative assembly on the basis of majority.
How the State Government Works Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 3 Short Answers Type
How is the government formed in the state?
A political party whose MLAs have won more than half the number of constituencies in a state can said to be in a majority. The majority of a single party or groups of parties together
can form government.
What is the role of Governor in the State?
It is responsibility of Governor to ensure ruling by the ruling party as per constitution. Apart from this, the Governor of the state appoints the chief minister and on the advice of chief minister the other ministers. The Governor is considered as a patron of the constitution.
What do you understand about ‘Legislative Assembly’?
A Legislative Assembly is a place where all the MLAs meet to discuss various issues. They express their opinions and ask the questions related to the issue or give suggestions. The concern minister then replies to the questions and tries to assure the Assembly that adequate steps are being taken.
How does the government implement its plan?
The government takes action through various departments like the Public Works Department (PWD), the Agriculture Department, the Health Department, the Education Department and so on. Ministers are head of these departments, who are also member of the Legislative Assembly and elected by the people.
How does government form committees?
On any matter, which affect at large, government may form a committee. After looking at various aspects of the problem or issue in detail, the committee submits its report to the government. Government may adopt it as a whole or partially. Accordingly, the action is taken on report of the committee.
What are the key works of a government?
The main work of the government is to implement its laws, rules, regulations and policies made in various fields. The government may amend, modify the laws, rules, regulations and policies or can make new ones, so that an effective system may run and most of the people can get the benefit of government policies.
How the State Government Works Class 7 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 3 Long Answers Type
What is an opposition? How does opposition play its role in the Assembly?
All members who do not support or participate in the government is called opposition. The role of opposition party in India is as important as that of the ruling party. The role of opposition party is not to oppose every decision of the ruling party. Rather, it is the duty of the opposition party to support the ruling party for the acts that are in the interest of the nation.
Members of opposition roles can be enlisted as under:
- The opposition ensures that the ruling political parties have a definite programme and policy to offer to the people and who can show progressive path by action and not just by propaganda.
- The opposition’s role is to question the government and hold them accountable to the public.
- The opposition carefully watches on the activities of the government, if there is any discrimination,
- Concentrating on the issues that matter.
Briefly describe the ways through which views are expressed.
In a democracy, there are various ways through which people express their views. Not only in the Legislative Assembly but also the TV channels, newspapers, periodicals and other organizations regularly discuss about the government functioning, policies etc.
Organization of ‘press conference’ is also a medium to express about the policies and functioning of a department or ministry of government. In a ‘press conference’ a press note is issued to the print and electronic media for the wide circulation to the mass.