These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 6
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 6
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|CBSE Sample Papers
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 6 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Geography is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70
- There are 22 questions in all.
- All questions are compulsory.
- Question numbers 1-7 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 40 words.
- Question numbers 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Out of which one question is a value based question. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80-100 words.
- Question numbers 14-20 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
- Question numbers 21 and 22 are related to identification or locating and labelling of geographical features on maps carrying 5 marks each.
- Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within your answer book.
- Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.
What is nomadic herding?
What are the retail trading services?
Name the terminal stations of the Orient Express Railway.
Name the metropolitan city of Kerala.
Name the air service which is widely used in the hilly areas of the north-eastern sector.
What type of pollution is responsible for acid rain?
Which port is specially designed to receive large quantities of petroleum and petroleum products and fertiliser?
Discuss the concept of New Determinism with suitable example.
Why is sex ratio unfavourable to women in the world? Mention any three reasons.
Explain the concept of productivity and empowerment as the pillars of human development.
Study the following map carefully and answer the questions that follows.
(i) Name the Trans Continental Railways.
(ii) Name the stations situated at both ends of this railways.
(iii) Name the ports situated at Bay of Spencer through which it passes.
Continued feelings of dejection may motivate people to fall in the trap of anti social activities like crime and drug abuse. Which human values are important that could bring a positive change among such people?
Explain any three points of distinction between rural and urban settlements of India.
Describe the main characteristics of Commercial Livestock Rearing.
Describe the factors affecting the location of rural settlements in the world.
Describe the important characteristics of the Panama Canal. 5×1 = 5
Explain any five factors which influenced the location of Tata Iron and Steel Plant.
What is wind energy? State two advantages of wind energy. Name the states of India having favourable conditions for the development of wind energy.
Describe important characteristics of India’s international trade.
What is an air pollution? How is the air get polluted? Explain any three effects of air pollution on human life.
Identify the five geographical features shown on the given political outline map of the world as A, B, C, D and E and write their correct names on the lines marked near them with the help of the following information.
(A) An area having highest density of population.
(B) Areas of extensive commercial grain farming
(C) A major seaport
(D) A mega city
(E) A major airport
Locate and label the following five features with appropriate symbols on the given political outline map of India.
(i) A highly urbanised state, in terms of population.
(ii) A leading producer state in Groundnut.
(iii) An oil refinery that lies in Bihar.
(iv) Software Technology Park in Madhya Pradesh
(v) A major sea port.
Nomadic herding is an activity in which the herders rely on animals for food, clothing, shelter tools and transport. They move from one place to another along with their livestock depending on the amount and quality of pastures and water.
This is the business activity concerned with the sale of goods directly to the consumers. Most of the retail trading takes place in fixed stores solely devoted to selling.
Paris in the West and Istanbul in the East.
(i) Griffin Taylor introduced this concept which reflects a middle path between the two ideas of environmental determinism and possibilism.
(ii) It was termed as Neo-determinism or stop-and-go determinism and tried to explain with the example of traffic signals. The concept shows that neither is a situation of absolute necessity nor is there a condition of absolute freedom.
(in) It means that human beings can conquer nature by obeying it. They can proceed in their pursuits of development when nature permits the modifications. Possibilities can be created within the limits—that does not damage the environment and there is no free run without accidents.
(i) If gender discrimination is rampant, the sex-ratio is bound to be unfavourable to women.
(ii) The practice of female foeticide, female infanticide and domestic violence against women.
(iii) Lower socio-economic status of women.
(i) Productivity: Productivity means human labour productivity in terms of human work.
(ii) Productivity must be constantly enriched by building capabilities in people as they are real wealth of nations. Efforts to increase their knowledge or provide better health facilities ultimately leads to better work efficiency.
Empowerment: It means to have the power to make choices. Such power comes from increasing freedom and capability. Good governance and people oriented policies are required to empower people. The empowerment of socially and economically disadvantaged groups is of special importance.
(i) The Australian Trans Continental Railways.
(ii) Perth in the West and Sydney in the East.
(iii) Port Augusta and Port Pirie.
(ii) Cooperation and counsellings
(i) The rural settlements derive their life support from land based primary economic activities whereas urban settlements depend on processing of raw materials and manufacturing of finished goods and various services.
(ii) Cities act as nodes of economic growth and provide goods and services not only to urban dwellers but also to the people of rural settlements in their hinterlands in return for food and raw materials.
Functional relationship between the urban and rural settlements take place through transport and communication network.
(iii) Rural and urban settlements differ in terms of social relationship, attitude and outlook.
Rural people are less mobile; social relations among them are intimate. Way of life complex and fast; social relations are formal.
(i) Commercial livestock rearing is more organised and capital intensive.
(ii) Commercial livestock ranching is essentially associated with western culture and is practised on permanent ranches.
(iii) Ranches cover large areas and are divided into a number of parcel which are fenced to regulate the grazing.
(iv) The grass of one parcel is grazed, then animals are moved to another parcel. The number of animals in a pasture is kept according to the carrying capacity of the pasture.
(v) It is a specialised activity in which only one type of animal is reared. Important animals include sheep, cattle, goat and horses. Rearing of animals in ranching is organised on a scientific basis.
(vi) The main emphasis is on breeding, genetic improvement, disease control and health care of the animals.
(i) Water supply: Rural settlements are located near waterbodies such as rivers, lakes and
springs where water can be easily obtained. Most water based ‘wet point’ settlements have many advantages such as water for drinking, cooking, and washing. Rivers and lakes can be used to irrigate farm land.
(ii) Land: People choose to settle near fertile lands suitable for agriculture. In Europe, villages grew up near rolling country avoiding swampy, low lying land, while people in south east Asia chose to live near low-lying river valleys and coastal plains suited for wet rice cultivation.
(iii) Upland: It is not prone to flooding, was chosen to prevent damage to houses and loss of life. In low lying river basins, people chose to settle on terraces and levees which are ‘dry point’. In tropical countries people build their houses on stilts near marshy land to protect themselves from flood, insects and animal pests.
(iv) Building Materials: The availability of building materials—Wood and stone near settlement is another advantage. Early villages were built in forest clearings where wood was plentiful. In some areas of China, cave dwellings were important and African Savanna’s building materials were mud, bricks and the Eskimos use ice blocks to construct igloos.
(v) Defence: During the times of political instability, war, hostility of neighbouring groups, villages were build on defensive hills and islands. In Nigeria, upstanding Inselberges formed good defensive sites. In India most of the settlements are located on higher grounds or hills.
(i) This canal connects the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west.
(ii) It is about 72 km long and involves a very deep cutting for a length of 12 km.
(iii) It has a six lock system and ships cross the different levels through these locks before entering the Gulf of Panama.
(iv) It shortens the distance between New York and San Francisco by 13000 km by sea. The distance between Western Europe and the West coast of USA, and north, eastern and central USA and East and South-east Asia is shortened.
(V) Its economic significance is relatively less than the Suez canal. It is vital to the economies of Latin America.
(i) The Tata Iron and Steel plant lies very’ close to the Mumbai-Kolkata railway line.
(ii) 240 km away from Kolkata, nearest port for the export of steel.
(iii) The rivers Subamarekha and Kharkai provide water to the plant.
(iv) The iron-ore for the plant is obtained from Noamundi and Badam Pahar and coal is brought from Joda mines in Odisha.
(v) Cooking Coal comes from Jharia and West Bokaro coal fields.
(a) Wind energy is absolutely pollution free and an inexhaustive source of energy. The mechanism of energy conversion from blowing wind is simple.
(b) (i) It is non-conventional energy sources. It will provide more sustained, eco-friendly, and cheaper energy.
(ii) The kinetic energy of wind through turbines is converted into electrical energy. Land and sea breeze can also be used.
(iii) The ministry of non conventional sources of energy is developing wind energy in India to lessen the burden of oil import bill.
(c) In Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharastra and Karnataka favourable conditions for wind energy exist.
(i) India’s International trade has undergone a sea change in recent years in terms of volume, composition as well as direction.
(ii) India’s contribution in the world trade is as low as one percent of the total volume. It plays significant role in the world economy.
(iii) U.S. A is the biggest International trade partner that is an important destination for India’s export.
(vi) Most of India’s foreign trade is carried through sea and air routes.
(v) A small portion is also carried through land route to neighbouring countries like Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Pakistan.
(a) Air pollution is taken as addition of contaminants like dust, fumes, gas, fog, odour, smoke to the air in substantial proportion and duration that may be harmful to flora and fauna and to property.
(b) With increasing use of varieties of fuels as source of energy, there is a marked increase in emission of toxic gases into the atmosphere resulting in the pollution of air.
(c) (i) Air pollution causes various diseases related to respiratory, nervous and circulatory systems.
(ii) Smoky fog over cities called as urban smog is caused by atmospheric pollution. It proves very harmful to human health.
(iii) Oxides of sulphur and nitrogen, hydrocarbons, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide; lead and asbestos have direct effect on human being in various ways and are cause of many deadly diseases.
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