CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 2

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 2 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 2.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 2

Board CBSE
Class IX
Subject Social Science
Sample Paper Set Paper 2
Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 2 of Solved CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80

General Instructions

(i) The question paper has 27 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Marks are indicated against each question.
(iii) Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are very short answer questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
(iv) Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
(v) Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
(vi) Question number 26 and 27 are map questions of 2 marks from History and 3 marks from Geography. After completion, attach the maps inside the answer book.


Question 1:
What changes took place during industrialization?

Question 2:
Who founded of the communist party of Germany?

Question 3:
Define an executive.

Question 4:
Name any two parallel ranges of the Himalayas?

Question 5:
What do you mean by the term people as resource.

Question 6:
Define poverty.

Question 7:
Name the different dimensions of hunger.

Question 8:
Explain the Incident of Bloody Sunday.

Question 9:
Comment on the economic crisis of 1923 and its effect on Germany.

Question 10:
Write about the drafting committee of the Indian constitution.

Question 11:
Is it true to say that electoral competition is helpful to the political parties and the leaders to
win the elections? Explain.

Question 12:
Is the Lok Sabha more powerful than the Rajya Sabha? Given reasons.

Question 13:
Why is the difference between the duration of day and night hardly felt at Kanyakumari but
not so in Kashmir?

Question 14:
How is bhabar different from the terai?

Question 15:
Green revolution has some demerits. Comment

Question 16:
Write a note on National Population Policy (NPP) 2000.

Question 17:
What are the three dimensions of food security?

Question 18:
Who are more prone to food insecurity?

Question 19:
The First World War had a great impact on German and the European society. Comment.

Question 20:
What were the causes of revolt of Bastar?
The pastoralist had to cope up with the changes in new times. Explain.
Critically analyse the mechanical harvesting machines in USA.

Question 21:
What do you mean by the term “right”? Discuss how is the right to equality exercised?

Question 22:
How can you justify that the judiciary in India is the most powerful?

Question 23:
What is an ecosystem? What measures are taken by the government of India to protect the flora and fauna?

Question 24:
“Population is a pivotal element in social studies”. Justify.

Question 25:
Comment on Sarva Siksha Abhiyan.

Question 26:
Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked on the outline map of world:
(a) One of the central powers of the First World War.
(b) One of the territories under German expansion.

Question 27:
On the given political outline map of India. Locate and label the following features with appropriate symbols:
(a) The satpura range
(b) The Mahanadi river
(c) The Sariska wildlife sanctuaries


Answer 1:
The major change that took place during industrialization was that men, women and children were brought to the factories.

Answer 2:
The communist party of Germany was founded by the Spartacists.

Answer 3:
Executives are all those functionaries in the government who take day – to- day decisions but do not exercise supreme powers.

Answer 4:
There are three parallel ranges of the Himalayas- the Himadri, the Himachal and the Shivaliks.

Answer 5:
It is a way of referring country’s working population.

Answer 6:
It is a condition in which a person is not able to arrange the minimum basic needs.

Answer 7:
There are two different dimensions of hunger- seasonal hunger and chronic hunger.

Answer 8:
An industrial action by the workers took place after the dismissal of the four members of the assembly of Russian workers. In 1905, in St. Petersburg, 110,000 workers went on strike. They demanded for the reduction in the working hours to eight hours, increase in wages and improvement in the working conditions. When they reached to the winter palace under the leadership of Father Gapon, they were attacked by the police and the Cossacks in which hundreds of the workers were killed and many hundreds were wounded. And finally this incident was named as bloody Sunday, as it took place on Sunday.

Answer 9:
(a) During this time Germany was fighting wars on loans which was to be repaid in golds which depleted the gold reserves in Germany and finally in 1923 Germany refused to pay the loan in gold.
(b) This incident caused French retaliation and occupying the Ruhr, to claim coal.
(c) As a result Germany started protesting and and printed the paper currency with too much circulation, due to which the value of the mark declined and the prices of the goods started rising, causing hyperinflation.

Answer 10:
(a) It was the committee formed for the discussion to draft the constitution of India.
(b) It was headed by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.
(c) A comprehensive discussion took place clause by clause over three years to finalise the constitution of India.

Answer 11:
It is true to say that electoral competition is helpful to the political parties and the leaders to win the elections. It gives them incentives. It gives them chance to become popular by raising the questions which the people want to raise but if they fail in doing so then they will lose their chance of winning in the next election.

Answer 12:
(a) Generally the ordinary bill needs to be passed in both the houses but if there is any difference then the final decision will be taken in a joint session. As there are more members in the Lok Sabha than the Rajya Sabha so the views of Lok Sabha will prevail.
(b) In case of money bills Lok Sabha is more powerful than that of rajya Sabha. Rajya Sabha cannot reject the money related bills if the Lok Sabha has already passed it. Within 14 days Rajya Sabha has to reply on that with or without any suggestion. Even after it is in the hand of Lok Sabha to do the changes or not.
(c) Lok Sabha having the power of using “no confidence” which Rajya Sabha does not have.

Answer 13:
Kanyakumari is the southernmost point of Indian mainland near to the equator whereas Kashmir is in the north at a difference of almost 30° from Kanyakumari. The duration of day and night varies as one moves towards north of equator. So the duration of day and night hardly felt at Kanyakumari that is of 45 min whereas the duration of day and night in Kashmir is around 5 hrs.

Answer 14:
Bhabar: It is a narrow belt of 8-16 km wide to the south of Shivaliks where rivers deposit their pebbles after descending from the mountains. The streams disappear in the bhabar belt.
Terai: Below the bhabar belt lies the Terai where the rivers re-emerge. This is the belt rich in alluvial deposits. Therefore this belt is suitable for cultivation.

Answer 15:
Green revolution introduced in India for increasing the crop production but having some negative impacts also.

  1. High doses of the chemical fertilizers led to the decline in the soil fertility.
  2. Chemical fertilizers and the pesticides get mixed with water and drained away polluting the other sources of water and the aquatic life too.
  3. It also caused the depletion of water table as there is more use of water and is extracted with the help of tube wells.

Answer 16:
(a) According to NPP 2000 there is free and compulsory education for children upto the age of 14 years.
(b) It aims at bringing down the infant mortality rate to below 30 per 1000 live births.
(c) It aims to achieve universal immunization of children against all vaccine preventable diseases.

Answer 17:
The three different dimensions of food security are:

  1. Availability: It means the food grains are available in the country through production or import or the previous year stock.
  2. Accessibility: It means food grains are within reach of all the people of the country.
  3. Affordability: It means all the people of the country are able to afford i.e., can buy the nutritious food grains.

Answer 18:
(a) Landless labourers, traditional artisans, petty self-employed workers, beggars etc. are the group of people more prone to food insecurity in the rural areas.
(b) Casual workers, low paid workers, seasonal workers are the group of people more prone to food insecurity in the urban areas.
(c) SCs, STs, OBCs, people living in the tribal or remote areas are also prone to food insecurity.

Answer 19:
The German and the European societies were left with the following impacts due to the First World War:

  1. Europe turned to debtor from creditor. Earlier Europe was known for crediting others but due to loss in the First World War they became financially weak.
  2. Men were supposed to be aggressive, strong and masculine. During this time soldiers were given much value than the civilians.
  3. They started with a new idea of democracy.
  4. After the defeat in the war they faced guilt, national humiliation and became financially weak.
  5. Media projected the soldiers living a miserable life.

Answer 20:
Bastar is the district of the state Chhattisgarh located to the south of the state bordering Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Maharashtra. There are number of different tribal communities like Maria and Muria Gonds, Dhurwas, Bhatras, and Halbas live in Bastar. They were totally dependent on the forest for their livelihood and earnings. But during the colonial period due to the following reasons they started the revolt:

  1. In 1905 the British government tried to ban the shifting cultivation, hunting, collection of forest produce by reserving 2/3 of the forests.
  2. Only some villagers were allowed to stay in the forest only if they worked free for the forest department in cutting, transporting the trees and protecting the forest from the forest fires.
  3. People of other villages were removed without any prior notice or compensation.
  4. These tribal groups also suffered due to the increased rents and demand for free labour.
  5. They also suffered due to the famines in 1899-1900 and again in 1907-1908.


The pastoralists cope with the changes in the following ways:

  1. As there was no enough grazing grounds, so they decided to reduce the number of cattle they had.
  2. When they were not allowed to some pasturelands they changed the direction of their movement and also started some other trade along with the pastoral activity.
  3. These pastoralists demanded their right in the management of the forests and put political pressure on the government for some support and relief.
  4. Some rich pastoralists left their nomadic habits. They purchased land and started a settled life.
  5. Some of these pastoralists started doing agriculture and some of them became dependent on the moneylenders for their survival.


Mechanical harvesting machines in USA had both advantages and the disadvantages.


  1. The first mechanical reaper was invented by Cyrus McCormic in the year 1831 which could work equivalent to five men with cradles and 16 men with sickles.
  2.  Around 500 acres of wheat could be harvested in two weeks with the help of a combined harvesters.
  3. With the use of a power driven machinery, only four men could plough, seed and harvest around 2000 to 4000 acres of wheat in a season.


  1. To buy these machines the poor farmers borrowed money but were unable to repay and caught in debt. This resulted in deserting their farms and looked for jobs elsewhere.
  2. Due to the introduction of these mechanical harvesting machines the production increased with huge surplus which resulted in falling prices and market leading to great agrarian depression of 1930s.

Answer 21:
When the claims of persons recognized by the society and is sanctioned by the law it is termed as rights.
The following are the ways through which right to equality can be exercised:

  1. By banning discrimination on the basis of caste, religion, gender etc.
  2. When there is access of public places for all the people. ‘
  3. By giving equality to all the citizens.
  4. By giving reservation to SCs, STs, OBCs, women, handicapped etc.

Answer 22:
Judiciary in India is the most powerful due to the following reasons:

  1. Judiciary in India is not under the control of the legislature or the executive. Therefore it is said that judiciary in India is independent.
  2. In India, it is only the Supreme Court and the High Courts having the power to interpret the constitution of the country.
  3. They have another special power that is judicial review. They can determine the validity or declare any law and action invalid.
  4. The basic principles of the constitution cannot be changed by the parliament.
  5. They act as a guardian of the fundamental rights of the citizens of India. Any violation of these fundamental rights can be taken to the courts.

Answer 23:
An ecosystem refers to the interdependency and interrelation of the plants, animals and the human beings with each other and with the physical environment in which they live.
The government of India has taken the following measures to protect the flora and fauna of the country:

  1. Fourteen biosphere reserves have been set up.
  2. Since 1992 financial and technical assistance is given to many botanical gardens.
  3. Many eco development projects have been introduced such as project tiger, project rhino etc.
  4. 89 national parks and 490 wildlife sanctuaries has been set up.

Answer 24:
Yes, it is true that population is a pivotal element in social studies.

  1. It is the people who make and use the resources and are themselves a resource.
  2. It is the point of reference from which all other elements are observed and derive their significance.
  3. To understand and appreciate all aspects of the environment, the number, distribution, growth and qualities are very important.
  4. It is the people who develop the society and the economy.
  5. Human beings are the producers and the consumers of the earth’s resource. Hence, it is important to know their number, distribution and characteristics.

Answer 25:
The main features of Sarva Siksha Abhiyan are as follows:

  1. It is to provide elementary education to all the children in the age group of 6 -14 years.
  2.  Its goal is to achieve universalization of elementary education.
  3. To increase the enrollment in the elementary education bridge courses and back to school camps are introduced.
  4. To encourage their attendance and nutritional level, mid day meal scheme has been introduced.
  5. It encourages the society and brings economic development.

Answer 26:
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 2 26

Answer 27:
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 2 27
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