These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 7.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 7
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 7 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 History is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80
(i) Answer all the questions. Some questions have internal choice. Marks are indicated against each question.
(ii) Answer to question nos 1 to 3 carrying 2 marks should not exceed 30 words each.
(in’) Answer to question nos. 4 to 9 carrying 4 marks should not exceed 100 words. Students should attempt only 5 questions in this section.
(iv) Question 10 (for 4 marks) is a value based question and compulsory question.
(v) Answer to question nos 11 to 13 carrying 8 marks should not exceed 350 words.
(vi) Questions 14 – 16 are source based questions and have no internal choice.
(vii) Question 17 is a map question includes ‘identification’ and significant’ test items.
Answer all the questions given below:
Write any two similarities between Jainism and Buddhism.
Akbar was impressed by Abul Fazl. Why?
Mention two features of the Indian constitution.
Answer any five of the following questions:
How did Asoka propagate and spread Buddhism?
“The rules of the Brahamanical text were not universally followed in ancient time”. Justify the statement.
Discuss the basic principles of Islam.
Discuss the Lotus Mahal and Hazara Ram temple of Vijayanagara.
Explain the Subsidiary Alliance.
Why did British Government give special focus on mapping?
Value Based Question
Read the following passage and answer the question that follow.
“Sons were important for the continuity of the patrilineage, daughters were viewed rather differently within this framework. They had no claims to the resources of the household. Women do not entertain equal status in the society for a long period. What type of values should be followed to consider them equal.
PART – C
Answer all the questions given below:
Explain the important features of the religion of Harappan culture which are still prevalent.
Discuss the emergence and teachings of Jainism.
How did A1 Biruni describe the caste system?
Explain the aspects of the Mughal period which are highlighted by Abul Fazl’s Ain-l-Akbari?
Explain political life of Mahatma Gandhi.
Discuss the genesis and development of Hindu Communalism.
PART – D
Source Based Questions
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follows.
What the King’s Officials did
Here is an excerpt from the account of Megasthenes: Of the great officers of state, some … superintend the rivers, measure the land, as is done in Egypt, and inspect the sluices by which water is let out from the main canals into their branches, so that everyone may have an equal supply of it. The same persons have charge also of the huntsmen, and are entrusted with the power of rewarding or punishing them according to their desires. They collect the taxes, and superintend the occupations connected with land; as those of the woodcutters, the carpenters, the blacksmiths, and the miners.
- Mention any three features of the Mauryan administration under Asoka.
- Write the jobs done by the officers of the state.
- What are the other sources for studying the empire?
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Kings and Traders
Krishnadeva Raya (ruled 1509-29), the most famous ruler of Vijayanagara, composed a work on statecraft in Telugu known as the Amuktamalyada. About traders he wrote: A king should improve the harbours of his country and so encourage its commerce that horses, elephants, precious gems, sandalwood, pearls and other articles are freely imported … He should arrange that the foreign sailors who land in his country on account of storms, illness and exhaustion are looked after in a suitable manner… Make the merchants of distant foreign countries who import elephants and good horses be attached to yourself by providing them with daily audience, presents and allowing decent profits. Then those articles will never go to your enemies.
- Which item of import was most important and why?
- Why was trade important to the king?
- Write three measures the king suggested for encouraging trade.
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow.
On that day in Supa
On 16 May 1875, the District Magistrate of Poona wrote to the Police Commissioner: On arrival at Supa on Saturday 15 May I learnt of the disturbance. One house of a moneylender was burnt down; about a dozen were forcibly broken into and completely gutted of their content. Account papers, bonds, grains, country cloth were burnt in the street where heaps of ashes are still to be seen. The chief constable apprehended 50 persons. Stolen property worth ₹2000 was recovered. The estimated loss is over ₹ 25,000. Moneylenders claim it is over 1 lakh.
- Mention the pattern that was seen in places where the revolt spread.
- How did the British react?
- Why did the Ryotwari system in the Deccan lead to revolts?
17.1. On the given outline map of India, locate and label the following with appropriate symbols.
(a) Kingdom of Cheras
(b) Nasik – A Buddhist site
17.2. On the same outline map of India three centres related to Indian National movement have been marked as A, B and C. Identify them and write their correct names on the lines drawn near them.
(i) Both the religions were founded by Princes. Both were kshatriyas and they left home in search of truth.
(ii) The aim of both the religions was salvation.
(i) Abul Fazl was an independent thinker. He always opposed the orthodox views of ulemas.
(ii) Akbar was very much impressed by these traits of Abul Fazl. He found Abul Fazl as an appropriate person and as a spokesperson of his policies and as his advisor.
(i) Granting the right to vote to every adult citizen of India. It was called the universal adult franchise.
(ii) Emphasis on secularism. It is the soul of the Indian constitution.
(i) Kalinga war changed Asoka. He left the policy of war and gave his heart and soul in spreading and propagating Buddhism. He also followed the rules which he propagated.
(ii) Asoka engraved all rules about the religion of Buddhism on the inscriptions, stones, caves. The rules were engraved in the language of common masses so that it could be Understand.
(iii) He built many stupas and viharas which became centres of Buddhism. He provided economic help to all the Buddhist monasteries.
(iv) Asoka made journey to Buddhist pilgrims. He sent his son Mahendra and daughter Sanghamitra to Sri Lanka to propagate Buddhism. Asoka moulded Buddhism into a world religion.
(i) The women would give up their gotra after their marriage and adopt the gotra of their husband. The Satavahana queens did not do so.
(ii) According to the Brahmanical books, only the Kshatriyas could be the rulers, but many Brahmans and Vaishyas were also the rulers.
(iii) Many classes were there whose profession did not match the vama system. Nishad and nomadic people reared the cattle.
(iv) Marriages were solemnized outside the caste system, though the Brahmanical books did not permit them.
On the basis of sex, the right to property was often given to the men; whereas Prabhavati Gupta enjoyed the right to property.
These principles are accepted as the five pillars of faith by the followers of Islam.
(i) Allah is one God. Prophet Mohammad is the messenger of Allah and Holy Quran is the order of Allah.
(ii) The followers of Islam should offer prayers five times a day. It is known as Namaz.
(iii) They should give alms (Zakat) to the poor.
(iv) The followers of Islam keep fast during the month of Ramzan.
(v) Followers of Islam should go on a pilgrimage to Mecca once in their lives.
(i) The royal centre of Vijaynagara had a very beautiful building. It was called the Lotus Mahal by a British traveller in the 19th century.
(ii) Many historians are not clear still about that for what purpose the building was used.
(iii) Mackenzie mentioned that it could be a council chamber where king used to attend the meetings with his advisors.
Hazara Ram Temple:
(i) It had a spectacular architeture. It was probably used by the king and his family.
(ii) No idols have been found in this temple while it had sculpted panels on the walls, included the scenes from the Ramayana on the inner walls.
(i) The first step towards the acquisition of Awadh was the imposition of the Subsidiary Alliance in 1801. To expand British territories in India, governor general Wellesley devised the method of Subsidiary Alliance in 1798.
(ii) Linder the Subsidiary Alliance the native nawab signing the treaty was compelled to accept the following terms.
(a) Permanent stationing of British troops in his territory. Payment of subsidiary for the maintenance of the troops.
(b) Posting of British Resident in his court to act accordance with his advice. He would not employ any European without approval of the British and no negotiation to be done with any other ruler without consulting the Governor General.
(i) British government gave special focus on mapping as it believed that good maps are very much necessary to understand the landscapes and to know about the topography.
(ii) Whenever towns started to grow then maps were prepared to make plans of development of these towns. Maps were prepared to develop commerce and consolidate the power.
(iii) Maps of the towns provide the information regarding the location of rivers; hills and vegetation. This information is very important for planning structures for the defence utility.
(iv) The maps were also used to show density and quality of houses and alignment of roads; location of ghats and guage the trading possibilities and prepare a plan or strategies for taxation.
- Both sex are equal
- No gender biased discrimination.
- Positive attitude and cooperation.
- To maintain social honour.
- Lord Shiva was worshipped by most of the people during the Harappan civilization.
- Lord Shiva is still worshipped by crores of people.
- The people of Harappan culture worshiped mother goddess. In modem time, the mother goddess is worshiped all over India with devotion and dedication.
- Many people find the abode of gods and goddesses in peepal and other trees.
- The people of the Harappan age worshipped ox and other animals. These days all such animals are known as the carriers of various gods and goddesses.
- The worship of Shivalingam is prevalent in the Hindu religion.
- The people of Harappan civilisation considered water as pious and sacred. They used to take bath in the ‘Great Bath’ on religions occasions.
- Such glory and piety of the water still exists at prominent places where people take bath on different religious occasions.
- Al-Biruni has described the caste system in India. He mentioned similar systems in other societies of the world.
- There were four social categories in ancient Persia.
(a) Knight and Princes
(b) Monks – fire priests and lawyers
(c) Scientists, Astronomers and physicians
(d) Peasants and Artisans
- Al Biruni accepted the Brahmanical description of the caste system but he did not accept its notion of pollution. According to him, that is impure attempts to regain its original condition of purity. The sun cleans the air. He considered the notion of social pollution as contrary to the laws of nature.
- The system of four vamas: A1 Biruni gave an account of the system of vamas of Indian society.
(a) Brahmans: They belonged to the highest caste, as they were created from the head of Brahma. The Hindus consider them superb of mankind.
(b) Kshatriyas: The were the important part of the society but below the Brahmans. They were created from the shoulders and hands of Brahma.
(c) Vasishyas: They were ranked at the third position as the were created from the thigh of Brahma.
(d) Shudras: They were at bottom of the social hierarchy. They were created from the feet of Brahma. No big difference was there between the vaishyas and shudras.
- ‘Al-Biruni’s description of the caste system was deeply influenced by his study of normative Sanskrit books.
- The caste system was based on the rules framed by the Brahmans but in real life this system was not very rigid.
- Abul Fazl wrote Ain-i-Akbari in 1598. It was a part of the project of writing of history under the order of Akbar. It is also called as Akbar Nama. It is a compendiun of imperial regulations.
- Akbar Nama is gazette of the Mughal empire. It gave detailed information about the different aspects of life during the Mughal regime.
- It is a comprehensive analysis of the court, administration and army. It depicts the literary, cultural and religious traditions of the people.
- Akbar-Nama gives a physical layout of the provinces of Akbar’s empire and enumerates the sources of the revenue.
- It mentions about the different custom and practices of the Mughal period. It also explains short biographical sketches of imperial officials such as mansabdars.
- The book was to facilitate emperor Akbar in the governance of its empire, not a reproduction of official papers.
- Ain – i – Akbari was an authentic attempt to present quantitative data at one place basically.
- It was an outstanding testimonial of its times. It provides a fascinating look into the glimpses of the structure and organisation of the Mughal empire.
- Mahatma Gandhi attained a supreme place in history of the modem India. Under his leadership the national movement got such a way which led directly to independence of India in 1947. His weapons were truth and non-violence. He forced the British to quit India.
- His political life was begun in South Africa. He came back from England and started his pratice as lawyer in India.
- When Gandhiji reached South Africa he observed that the condition of Indians was pitiable. The white government of South Africa maltreated them.
- Gandhiji could not tolerate their insult so he started his satyagraha against the white government of South Africa. He helped the people in getting their rights.
- Gandhiji came to India from South Africa in 1916. The British government was fighting the World War I against the Axis powers. British needed both men and money. Then he appealed to the people to cooperate with them.
- Gandhiji’s strategy was to win the hearts of the British by helping them as he was convinced that the British would set free India after the end of war.
- First World War ended but the British did not do anything to make free India. Contrary to the expectations of the people, they passed the Rowlatt Act.
- Gandhiji was upset to see this drastic law. He decided to start non-cooperation movement against the British Rule in 1920. It was called off as violence took place at Chauri Chaura in Uttar Pradesh. Many other movements were also led by him to make India free from the British.
- The Hindu landlords, Mahajans and middle class professionals had started to threaten anti Muslim feelings after 1870.
- They instigated people by reminding them the absolutism of Muslim rulers and their atrocities on people dining the medieval age.
- They considered the issue of Hindi in the United Province and Bihar. They gave it a communal color.
- They propagated that Urdu was the language of the Muslims and Hindu was the language of the Hindus.
- Many campaigns were organised against the cowslaughter all over the country after 1890. They were against the Muslims not against the British.
- The British military cantonments were left open for the cow-slaughter.
- In Punjab, the Hindu Sabha was established. In 1909, it critisised Congress saying that the latter wanted to unite all the communities.
- It opposed the anti-imperialist policies of Congress. It waged a war against the Muslims and wanted to appease the British.
(i) (a) Empire was divided into districts and district consisted of a number of villages.
(b) District head was known as Sthanika, and village headman was called gramika.
(c) The king had supreme powers. A council of ministers or mantri parishad, advised the king.
(ii) (a) Some of the officers measured the land and collected taxes.
(b) Some were the incharge of huntsmen who were entrusted with the power of rewarding of punishing them as required.
(iii) (a) Literary sources like Chanakya’s ‘Arthashastra’ and Megasthanes’ Indica.
(b) Buddhist, Jaina, Puranic literature and Sanskrit literary works like the Mudrarakshasa.
(i) (a) Most important item of import was horses.
(b) War was dependent on an efficient cavalry’.
(ii) (a) Revenue derived from trade contributed significantly to the prosperity of the state.
(b) Trade was considered as a status symbol. Wealthy population demanded high value exotic goods, mainly precious stones and jewellery.
(iii) (a) Importance of harbours
(b) Foreign sailors were suitably looked after.
(c) Encoraging traders to settle and indulge in trade activities.
(i) (a) The ‘Sahukars’ were attacked. Bahi khatas were burnt and debt bonds which were legally enforceable destroyed.
(b) Terrified of peasant attacks, the Sahukars fled from the village left their property and other belongings behind.
(ii) (a) Police posts were established in village to frighten the rebellious peasants.
(b) Troops were mobilised quickly and 951 people were arrested.
(iii) (a) The revenue demand was high and subject to revision as per government will.
(b) In the presence of the resentment, anger and fury, perception of injustice and suffering, historian got a glimpse of the life of rebels.
(c) Revolts produced records; actions of state to repress them; enquiry into its causes and remedial policies to formulate peace.
(2) (A) Ahmedabad (B) Amritsar (C) Champaran
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