CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1

These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1

Board CBSE
Class XII
Subject Geography
Sample Paper Set Paper 1
Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 1 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Geography is given below with free PDF download solutions.

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70

General Instructions:

  • There are 22 questions in all.
  • All questions are compulsory.
  • Question numbers 1-7 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 40 words.
  • Question numbers 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Out of which one question is a value based question. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80-100 words.
  • Question numbers 14-20 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
  • Question numbers 21 and 22 are related to identification or locating and labelling of geographical features on maps carrying 5 marks each.
  • Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within your answer book.
  • Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.


Question 1.
Name any two densely populated regions of the world with more than 200 persons living on every sq km.

Question 2.
Give two reasons for unfavourable sex-ratio in the world.

Question 3.
Name two member nations of SAFTA.

Question 4.
Which is the most significant aspect of human development?

Question 5.
Enumerate the factors responsible for slower growth rate of population in India since 1981.

Question 6.
Explain one reason for Kerala’s highest value in Human Development Index.

Question 7.
Mention the two factors which have adversely influenced Bharmaur Tribal region of Himachal Pradesh.

Question 8.
“There is a direct dependence of human beings on nature for resources which sustain them.” Justify the statement by giving any three points in the light of environmental determinism.

Question 9.
Find out the reasons for the countries with low Human Development Index value. Mention three reasons.

Question 10.
Explain three problems of slums in India.

Question 11.
Study the following figure carefully and answer the questions that follow:
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1 11
(i) Why do higher numbers of females migrate from rural to rural in both the diagrams?
(ii) Why is the male migration higher from rural to urban in second diagram?
(iii) Distinguish between Intra-state migration and Inter-state migration.

Question 12.
What is a metropolitan city? Give two reasons for its becoming a metropolitan.

Question 13.
By which human values can be the purity of water maintained?

Question 14.
Describe any five salient features of Dairy Farming.

Question 15.
Classify the industries on the basis of raw materials with at least one example of each. Explain in detail.

Question 16.
Explain the types of rural settlements on the basis of forms and shapes of the settlements.

Question 17.
Explain types of ports on the basis of specialised functions.

Question 18.
Why are the iron ore mines an added advantage for industrial development in India? Mention any two types of iron ore which are found in India fairly in abundance. Name the states where 95% of total reserves of iron ore is located.

Question 19.
Explain any five problems faced by Indian agriculture.

Question 20.
“Indian railways network facilitates the movement of both freight and passengers and contribute to the growth of Indian economy.” Explain the statement by citing the improvement made by Indian Railways so far.

Question 21.
Identify the five geographical features shown on the given political outline map of the world as A, B, C, D and E and write their correct names on the lines marked near them with the help of the following information.
(A) A country with large area in Asia.
(B) A major area of subsistence gathering.
(C) The terminal station of a Trans-Continental Railway.
(D) A major sea port(E)An international airport.

Question 22.
Locate and label the.following five features with appropriate symbols on the given political outline map of India.
(i) The state having the highest rank in Human Development in India.
(ii) The leading producer state of groundnut.
(iii) The software technology park located in Odisha.
(iv) The major coal field located in Tamil Nadu
(v) An international airport located in Assam.


Answer 1.
(a) North Eastern part of U.S.A.
(b) North Western part of Europe.
(c) South, South-East and East Asia.

Answer 2.
(a) Female foeticide
(b) Female infanticide
(c) Domestic violence against women
(d) Lower socio-economic status of women.

Answer 3.
They are Bangladesh, Maldives, Bhutan, Nepal, India, Pakistan and Sri-Lanka.

Answer 4.
Education and Healthy life.

Answer 5.
(i) Decline in crude birth rate.
(ii) Increase in the mean age at marriage.

Answer 6.
(i) High literacy rate.

Answer 7.
(i) Harsh climate conditions.
(ii) Low-resource base.

Answer 8.
(i) Low level of technology and primitive stage of human social development.
(ii) Fear of nature’s fury and Nature worship.
(iii) Physical environment became ‘Mother Nature.’

Answer 9.
(i) Political turmoil and social instability in the form of civil war.
(ii) Hunger, starvation and famine, a high incidence of diseases.
(iii) More expenditure on defence rather than social sectors.

Answer 10.
(i) Jhuggi-Jhopari clusters and colonies of shanty structure-areas of least choice, dilapidated houses.
(ii) Overcrowded with narrow street pattern prone to serious hazards like fire.
(iii) The poverty makes slum people vulnerable to drug abuse, alcoholism, crime, vandalism, escapism, apathy and ultimately death.

Answer 11.
(i) Higher number of females migrate from rural to mral areas as they move from their parental house following their marriage.
(ii) Male migration is higher from rural to urban areas in case of inter-state migration as economic reasons like work and employment are the chief cause.
(iii) Intra-state migration: People move from one place to another within a state : e.g. Agra to Lucknow.
Intra-state migration: People move from one state to another, e.g. Lucknow to Mumbai.

Answer 12.
(i) Cities accommodating population size between one to five million are called metropolitan cities.
Reasons for becoming metropolitan city:
(i) Population growth and migration from nearby adjoining areas.
(ii) Education and employment opportunities and better medical facilities. Transport and Communication facilities also available.

Answer 13.
(i) Awakening
(ii) Cooperation
(iii) Eco-friendly

Answer 14.
(i) Dairy farming is the most advanced and efficient type of rearing of milch animals.
(ii) Capital: It is highly capital-intensive. Animal sheds, storage facilities for fodder, feeding and milching machines add to the cost of dairy farming. Cattle breeding, health care and veterinary services require huge amount of capital.
(iii) Labour: It is highly labour-intensive as it involves rigorous care in feeding and milching. No off-season throughout the year. Labourers get ample employment opportunities in dairy farming.
(iv) Market: Dairy farming is mainly practiced near urban and industrial centres which provide neighbourhood market for fresh milk and other dairy products.
(v) Main Regions: The largest (a) North-Western Europe, (b) Canada and North-Eastern U.S.A. (c) South-Eastern Australia, New-Zealand.

Answer 15.
(i) Agro-based Industries e.g. food processing, sugar industry, pickle and fruit juices, beverages-tea, coffee.
(ii) Mineral-based Industries e.g. Iron and steel industries, aluminum smelting, copper smelting, jewellery industry, cement industry.
(iii) Chemical based industries e.g. Petro-chemicals, salts, sulphur, potash, synthetic fibre, plastic.
(iv) Forest-based industry e.g. Furniture, paper, rubber, industry.
(v) Animal based industry e.g. Leather, Woollen textile, ivory.

Answer 16.
(i) Linear Pattern
(ii) Rectangular Pattern
(iii) Circular pattern
(iv) Star-like pattern
(v) T-shaped,Y-shaped, Cross-shaped
(vi) Double village (explain any five)

Answer 17.
(i) Oil ports
(ii) Ports of call
(iii) Pocket station
(iv) Entrepot ports
(v) Naval ports (To be explained with example)

Answer 18.
(i) The iron-ore mines occur in close proximity to the coal field in the north-eastern plateau region of the country.
(ii) Hematite and magnetite.
(iii) Reserves of Iron ore are in Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhatisgarh, Karnataka, Goa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

Answer 19.
(i) Dependence on erratic monsoon, low productivity.
(ii) Constraints of financial resources and indebtedness.
(iii) Lack of land reforms.
(iv) Small farm size and fragmentation of land-holding.
(v) Lack of commercialization.
(vi) Disguised unemployment and vast underemployment.
(vii) Degradation of cultivable land.

Answer 20.
(i) Conversion of meter and narrow gauge into broad gauge.
(ii) Replacing steam engines by diesel and electric engines.
(iii) Increase in speed and haulage capacity. Introduction of Metro rail.
(iv) Extension of rail routes to remote and marginalized areas. Development of Konkan Railway along the western coast; an area where landslides are very common.
(v) Computerised railway reservation system.

Answer 21.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1 21a

Answer 22.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1 22a

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